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Location Chad, Guéra,Salamat
Central coordinates 19o 40.00' East  10o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 300,000 ha
Altitude 410 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description Zakouma National Park is located in southern Chad, to the west of the town of Am Timan, straddling the Am Timan–Sarh road. The park covers a 3,000 km² section of a vast flat plain crossed by meandering seasonal watercourses, the larger of which are bordered by gallery forest. The vegetation is largely wooded savanna dominated by Combretum, Terminalia, Anogeissus and Leiocarpus spp., interspersed with patches of denser woodland. The park includes extensive, open grassy flood-plains, particularly in the south, which are inundated during the wet season. These plains cover 500 km² and are dominated by the grasses Vetiveria, Setaria and Paspalum spp. Average annual rainfall is 890 mm, falling in the period between late April and late October.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. To date, 226 species have been recorded from the park which include Circus macrourus and two species of the Sahel biome (see Table 2). The site is also said to hold large numbers of pelicans, but no systematic waterbird counts have been made.

Non-bird biodiversity: The following species of threatened mammal occur: Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Panthera leo (VU), Lycaon pictus (EN), Loxodonta africana (EN) and Gazella rufifrons (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina winter  1996  2,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Niam-niam Parrot Poicephalus crassus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae breeding  1997  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-breasted Barbet Pogonornis rolleti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Zakouma National Park 300,000 is identical to site 300,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   48%
Shrubland   51%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Dejace (1995), Dejace et al. (2000), Gillet (1969).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zakouma National Park. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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