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Location Chad, Ennedi
Central coordinates 22o 24.00' East  17o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 210,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Fada Archei is located in the Ennedi massif in the north-east of the country, south-east of the town of Fada. The reserve, on the transition of the Sahelian and Saharan zones, comprises a rocky ridge dissected by deep, eroded gorges. Mean annual rainfall is less than 50 mm, mostly falling in July and August. A north-facing gorge, 1.5 km long, opens out of the escarpment and contains six large ponds connected by swampy strips. These are fed by permanent springs at the head of the gorge with a discharge rate of 600–700 m³ per day. The gorges contain dense riparian forest, with species such as Acacia nilotica, A. seyal, Adina microcephala, Balanites aegyptiaca, Boscia angustifolia, Ficus spp. and Vitex doniana. The pools are fringed by species of Cyperus, Juncus, Phragmites, Scirpus and Typha, while Nymphaea and Potamogeton spp. grow in them.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius breeding  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackstart Cercomela melanura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fada Archei Faunal Reserve 211,000 protected area contains site 210,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   30%
Desert   69%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Threatened mammals that occur, or used to do so till the late 1970s, at this site include Panthera leo (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Addax nasomaculatus (CR), Ammotragus lervia (VU) and Gazella dorcas (VU). There are 16 species of fish known from the Ennedi and Tibesti massifs, the majority of which are endemic—the following have been recorded from the vicinity of this IBA: Barbus macrops, Coptodon zillii and Labeo tibestii.

References Depierrre and Gillet (1974), Gillet (1968).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fada Archei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014

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