|Central coordinates||22o 24.00' East 17o 0.00' North|
|Altitude||500 - 1,000m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 2 for key species. Thirteen species of the Sahara–Sindian biome and 10 of the Sahel biome are known from the Ennedi as a whole, thus it is likely that further surveys will reveal more biome-restricted species from this site than currently are known.
Site description Fada Archei is located in the Ennedi massif in the north-east of the country, south-east of the town of Fada. The reserve, on the transition of the Sahelian and Saharan zones, comprises a rocky ridge dissected by deep, eroded gorges. Mean annual rainfall is less than 50 mm, mostly falling in July and August. A north-facing gorge, 1.5 km long, opens out of the escarpment and contains six large ponds connected by swampy strips. These are fed by permanent springs at the head of the gorge with a discharge rate of 600–700 m³ per day. The gorges contain dense riparian forest, with species such as Acacia nilotica, A. seyal, Adina microcephala, Balanites aegyptiaca, Boscia angustifolia, Ficus spp. and Vitex doniana. The pools are fringed by species of Cyperus, Juncus, Phragmites, Scirpus and Typha, while Nymphaea and Potamogeton spp. grow in them.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius||breeding||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blackstart Cercomela melanura||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus||resident||1997||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Fada Archei||Faunal Reserve||211,000||protected area contains site||210,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Threatened mammals that occur, or used to do so till the late 1970s, at this site include Panthera leo (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Addax nasomaculatus (CR), Ammotragus lervia (VU) and Gazella dorcas (VU). There are 16 species of fish known from the Ennedi and Tibesti massifs, the majority of which are endemic—the following have been recorded from the vicinity of this IBA: Barbus macrops, Coptodon zillii and Labeo tibestii.
Management considerations The area, which is extremely isolated and largely undisturbed, was established as a Faunal Reserve in 1967, primarily to protect Ammotragus lervia. Nomads utilize the water-pools for domestic purposes and there may be some limited grazing. There is some threat of poaching from hunters who have access to sophisticated weaponry from the military station at Fada.
References Depierrre and Gillet (1974), Gillet (1968).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fada Archei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
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