email a friend
printable version
Location Chad, Borkou
Central coordinates 18o 8.00' East  20o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 3,300,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 3,315m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The Tibesti massif lies in northern Chad, adjacent to the border with Libya. The massif rises to over 3,000 m at several points, with peaks at Pic Tousside (3,315 m) and Emi Koussi (3,415 m). At a number of places in the massif there is conspicuous surface water, both in permanent pools (gueltas), found among the rocks and ravines, and also in the seasonal watercourses which flow following rain. Some of the wadis are bordered by Acacia spp. and elsewhere most areas are vegetated either with sparse scrub or annual grasses such as Cornulaca monacantha. The rainfall, such as it is, usually occurs between February and May, but is unpredictable both in timing and amount. The height of the Tibesti massif means that it receives rather more rainfall than neighbouring areas of the Sahara, but any reduction in rainfall will seriously affect the vegetation and water-bodies which are an important factor in maintaining the conservation value of the site.There is insufficient information available to be able to propose any definite IBA sites. However, given the importance of the area for its Saharan avifauna, and also other fauna and flora, a potential site is tentatively suggested. The site, towards the north-western extreme of the massif, incorporates the Pic Tousside. The proposed boundaries are formed by the Sherda to Zouar road between the road junction with a fork to Bardai and the point where the Tibesti-Borkou provincial boundary crosses the road, following the provincial boundary in a straight line to the point where it reaches the Falaise de l’Aguer-Tay, from there in a straight line northwards to the town of Aderke, from there along the road to Bardai, from Bardai in a straight line to the town of Wour, and from Wour following the road to the junction with a turning to Bardai. This site incorporates a 3,315 m peak, many ouadis running from the peak and a number of gueltas.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species.

Non-bird biodiversity: Sixteen species of fish, the majority of them endemic to the area, occur in the wadis and gueltas of the Tibesti and Ennedi massifs. The Saharo-montane flora of Tibesti and Ennedi comprises some 350 known plant species, of which eight are near-endemic to the area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackstart Cercomela melanura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Passer simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -

References Guichard (1955), Simon (1965).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tibesti massif. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife