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Location Somalia, Jubbada Hoose
Central coordinates 41o 36.00' East  1o 16.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 334,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Laag Badaana (Lach Badana or Bushbush) is located in the extreme south of the country where it shares a common boundary with Boni Forest Reserve on the Kenyan side of the border. The vegetation includes c.100,000 ha of predominantly AcaciaCommiphora savanna over the drier, inland areas of the park. Along the coast, from sea-level to c.50 m altitude, there is c.200,000 ha of forest–savanna mosaic on lime-rich, sandy soils at the northern extremity reached by coastal lowland forest in eastern Africa. Of particular note is Hola Wajeer forest (01°11’S 41°34’E) which is dominated by Afzelia quanzensis, Cecchia somalensis, Delonix elata and Parkia filicoidea. The understorey is poorly developed due to the dense mid-stratum at 10–15 m and the canopy at 25–30 m. The forest contains patches of palm woodland of Hyphaene sp. The site also includes 34,000 ha of mangrove, comprised principally of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Lumnitzera racemosa, Rhizophora mucronata and Sonneratia alba. The mangroves are centred round the estuaries of three small rivers which flow through the site and reach the ocean in close proximity to one another. The interior of the park has good supplies of surface water, including semi-permanent water-holes. Also included are a number of the small islands of the Bajun archipelago, which lies immediately offshore. The main islets are Raas Matooni Ilisi, Koyaama, Guumme, Jofay and Juula, which extend in a line a little way north-eastwards up the coast towards Kismaayo. A series of coral reefs stretches between the islands, forming an almost continuous barrier.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-naped Bush-shrike Laniarius ruficeps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-breasted Lark Mirafra poecilosterna resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis winter  present  A1  Endangered 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Babbler Turdoides squamulata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Starling Lamprotornis shelleyi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Starling Spreo fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia chalcomelas resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Palm Weaver Ploceus bojeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Malindi Pipit Anthus melindae resident  present  A1  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   5%
Savanna   2%
Grassland   2%
Forest   89%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

Other biodiversity An extensive list of mammals of conservation concern occur, or used to do so. These include Rhynchocyon chrysopygus (EN), Crocuta crocuta (LR/cd), Lycaon pictus (EN), Panthera leo (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Loxodonta africana (EN), Diceros bicornis (CR), Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd), Oryx beisa (LR/cd), Litocranius walleri (LR/cd), Gazella granti (LR/cd), Ourebia ourebi (LR/cd), Cephalophus harveyi (LR/cd), C. adersi (EN), Tragelaphus imberbis (LR/cd), Beatragus hunteri (CR), Damaliscus lunatus (LR/cd), Kobus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd). In 1960, a herd of 600 dugong Dugong dugon (VU) was recorded from the area around the Bajun islands. Here green turtle Chelonia mydas (EN) and hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata (CR) also occur, but there is no evidence of nesting.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Laag Badaana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife