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Location Somalia, Jubbada Dhexe
Central coordinates 42o 36.00' East  1o 6.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 11,000 ha
Altitude 100 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The proposed Aangole–Farbiito (Forbiitu) National Park lies on the Jubba river, between the towns of Bu’aale and Jilib and incorporates the two riverine Forest Reserves of Barako Madow and Shoonto. Common forest tree species include Ficus, Mimusops, Diospyros and Sorindeia spp. Emergents reach 15–25 m high while the lower storeys are dense with abundant creepers. The galleries are up to 100 m wide. Outside the riverine belt are extensive areas of thorn-bush, low trees and degraded grassland with scattered palms. Intermediate woodland consists of Newtonia, Balanites and Hyphaene spp., while the thorn-bush is composed principally of Acacia and Dobera spp.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. This site lies on the boundary of two EBAs, includes elements of two biomes and, although there are no quantitative data available, is within one of Somalia’s most important wetland areas.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of conservation concern that have been recorded include Crocuta crocuta (LR/cd), Hyaena hyaena (LR/nt), Cephalophus harveyi (LR/cd), C. natalensis (LR/cd), Tragelaphus imberbis (LR/cd), Kobus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd), Litocranius walleri (LR/cd) and Ammodorcas clarkei (VU). Two fish that occur are Pardiglanis tarabinii (DD) and Barbus gananensis, both confined to the Jubba river. A new tree species Cola sp. nov. was identified in the Jubba valley in 1986, as was an undescribed species of sedge Cyperus sp. nov. It is possible that both of these species and possibly other plants endemic to the Jubba valley are found within this site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Collared-dove Streptopelia reichenowi resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Prinia Prinia somalica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Babbler Turdoides squamulata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Starling Spreo fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia chalcomelas resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sunbird Nectarinia nectarinioides resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Palm Weaver Ploceus bojeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Weaver Ploceus dichrocephalus resident  1997  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Malindi Pipit Anthus melindae resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Barako Madow Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Shoonto Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
other -
Notes: Bee-keeping and honey gathering.

References Madgwick et al. (1986).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Aangole - Farbiito. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

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