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Location Somalia, Banaadir
Central coordinates 45o 8.00' East  1o 57.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 5,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Jasiira (Gezira) lagoon lies on the Indian Ocean coast, south of Muqdisho. The lagoon is separated from the sea by a series of sand-dunes which support some scrub vegetation. The lagoon feeds into saltpans which are used for the commercial extraction of salt. The land is flat for up to 3 km inland, at which point it rises steeply to an altitude of 100 m. The habitat here is also dominated by dunes covered with Acacia and Delonix spp., other trees and thorn-bush and is dotted with seasonal pools. Offshore, adjacent to and south of Jasiira lagoon, lies a string of four small islets, all of which can be reached at low tide by wading. ‘First Mosque Island’ is situated immediately offshore from Jasiira. ‘North Island’, a little further south, lies 170 m offshore and measures 78 × 23 m; half the island is bare, eroded coral rock, and the other half supports a sparse covering of coarse grass. ‘Second Mosque Island’ is 171 × 41 m and is covered with a low growth of Suaeda and areas of coarse grass and bare rock, while Buntapsi island lies 180 m offshore, is 55 × 25 m and is mainly covered with coarse grass.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii breeding  1980  2,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forbes-Watson's Swift Apus berliozi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pygmy Batis Batis perkeo resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pringle's Puffback Dryoscopus pringlii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-naped Bush-shrike Laniarius ruficeps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Fiscal Lanius somalicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-breasted Lark Mirafra poecilosterna resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Obbia Lark Spizocorys obbiensis resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Data Deficient 
Short-tailed Lark Pseudalaemon fremantlii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark Eremopterix signatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Prinia Prinia somalica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Starling Spreo fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Sparrow Passer castanopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Cordonbleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
other -
Notes: Collection of seabird eggs.

Other biodiversity The perimeter of the lagoon apparently supports a number of rare plant species.

References Becker (1988), Schels and Schels (undated).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jasiira lagoon and Muqdisho islets. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife