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Location Somalia, Shabeellaha Dhexe
Central coordinates 45o 19.00' East  2o 16.00' North
IBA criteria A2, A3
Area 190 ha
Altitude 100 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Balcad Nature Reserve is located on the eastern bank of the Shabeelle river, 35 km north of Muqdisho and immediately south of the town of Balcad. The site consists of one of the few patches of riverine forest remaining on the Shabeelle river and the surrounding scrub savanna. The principal trees of the riverine forest include Acacia elatior, Ficus sycamorus, Garcinia livingstonei, Mimusops fruticosa and Tamarindus indica, while the surrounding scrub consists of more stunted Acacia nilotica with a dense undergrowth of herbs and tall grasses. There is some grassland close to the river and much of the scrub lies on areas of sand-dunes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-naped Bush-shrike Laniarius ruficeps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ethiopian Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus resident  1997  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-breasted Lark Mirafra poecilosterna resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark Eremopterix signatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Prinia Prinia somalica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Starling Spreo fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Palm Weaver Ploceus bojeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Weaver Ploceus dichrocephalus resident  1997  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Cordonbleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Balcad Nature Reserve 200 protected area contains site 190  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Becker (1988), Schels and Lavoyer (1987), Schels and Schels (undated).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Balcad Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife