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Location Somalia, Shabeellaha Dhexe
Central coordinates 45o 30.00' East  2o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 100 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site includes Xawaadley (Hawadley) reservoir, an artificial wetland on the Shabeelle river and the adjacent seasonal swamps, pools, woodland and thicket. It is situated to the south of the town of Jowhar, immediately north-west of Jowhar–Warshiikh (site SO015). The reservoir was completed in 1980 and is used at times of water shortage to increase downstream irrigation. It covers an area of 10,800 ha and has a circumference of just over 44 km. The eastern and western sides of the reservoir are bounded by natural slopes. The water reaches a depth of more than 3 m through which the tops of dead Acacia trees and bushes protrude. The shallows have been colonized by Phragmites and Typha spp. and floating vegetation grows across much of the surface area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis winter  1988  500 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1988  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
African Darter Anhinga rufa winter  1988  500 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-breasted Lark Mirafra poecilosterna resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark Eremopterix signatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Cisticola Cisticola cinereolus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Prinia Prinia somalica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Starling Spreo fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Palm Weaver Ploceus bojeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Weaver Ploceus dichrocephalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
water management -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Becker (1988), Schels and Schels (undated).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xawaadley reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife