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Location Somalia, Sanaag
Central coordinates 47o 39.00' East  11o 6.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 250,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 2,400m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site lies in the centre of northern Somalia, extending eastwards along the coast from the village of Maydh and inland towards the town of Ceerigaabo (Erigavo) on top of the scarp of the limestone mountains that rise steeply from the coastal plain. The site is situated close to Mount Surad Cad, at 2,408 m the highest point in Somalia, while Jasiira Maydh (site SO002) lies offshore from the site’s northern boundary. The core area consists of a Forest Reserve on the rocky scarp, supporting evergreen forest which consists principally of Juniperus procera, Olea chrysophylla, Dodonaea viscosa, Cadia purpurea and Sideroxylon buxifolium. Much of the forest is degraded, although in places there is a dense understorey of shrubby species, particularly Salvia. Included also are the proposed extensions to the reserve which cover a further 80,000 ha of semi-desert grassland and shrubland, 80,000 ha of Buxus hildebrandtii evergreen and semi-evergreen bushland and thicket, 8,000 ha of Afromontane vegetation and 3,000 ha of mangrove. The coastal section consists of sandy plains with a sparse cover of the grasses Eragrostis hararensis, Panicum turgidum and Asthenatherum glaucum. Inland, AcaciaCommiphora bushland and thicket gives way to the juniper forest and Afromontane vegetation at higher altitudes. Average annual rainfall at the top of the scarp is c.650 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Bustard Neotis heuglinii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Brown Bustard Heterotetrax humilis resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Somali Pigeon Columba oliviae resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Data Deficient 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hemprich's Hornbill Lophoceros hemprichii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Fiscal Lanius somalicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Tit Parus thruppi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Lark Mirafra somalica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Hoopoe-lark Alaemon hamertoni resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Short-toed Lark Calandrella somalica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-tailed Lark Pseudalaemon fremantlii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Starling Lamprotornis shelleyi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Starling Spreo albicapillus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Starling Onychognathus blythii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Thrush Turdus ludoviciae resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Somali Wheatear Oenanthe phillipsi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Sunbird Nectarinia habessinica resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Sparrow Passer castanopterus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Weaver Ploceus galbula resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus louisae resident  1997  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Warsangli Linnet Carduelis johannis resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Other biodiversity The mammal Gazella dorcas pelzelni (VU), confined to Somalia and Djibouti, occurs in the proposed northern coastal extension of the Forest Reserve, while Equus africanus somalicus (CR) and Dorcatragus megalotis (VU) are recorded from the proposed eastward extension.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Daalo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2014

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