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Location Senegal, Cap Vert
Central coordinates 17o 32.00' West  14o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii
Area 3,800 ha
Altitude 0 - 40m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This marine site consists of the coastline of the peninsula known as Cap Vert, running from les Mammelles and Pointe des Almadies north to Cambérène (c.19 km in length), together with the offshore islands and reefs and the narrow strip of sea between the islands and the mainland (up to about 2 km offshore). Cap Vert is the westernmost point of Africa and is the peninsula on which Dakar stands. The two islands in question are the Ile de Yof (also known as Ile de Tenguène) and the Ile de Ngor. The coast and islands consist of rocky outcrops and some sandy beaches, and there is a string of reefs off the Pointe des Almadies, known as the ‘Chaussée des Almadies’. The reefs and islands form a degree of natural protection from the Atlantic Ocean for the narrow sea channel (less than 1 km) between them and the mainland. Many migrating seabirds pass through this marine ‘bottleneck’, and large numbers also pass on the seaward side of the two islands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii winter  1996  280 individuals  A1  Near Threatened 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis winter  1997  13,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger passage  1996  23,923 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The dolphin Tursiops truncatus (DD) is regularly seen, and it is likely that other dolphins, including Steno bredanensis (DD) and Stenella coeruleoalba (LR/cd), and the sea-turtle Caretta caretta (EN), recorded from the Parc National des Iles de la Madeleine (site SN010), will also be present in this site.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cap Vert. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014

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