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Location Senegal, Cap Vert
Central coordinates 17o 28.00' West  14o 39.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii
Area 45 ha
Altitude 0 - 35m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The park consists of three rocky, volcanic islands lying about 4 km west of the Senegal coast, off the southern end of the Cap Vert peninsula on which Dakar lies, and the areas of sea between the islands. The largest, the ‘Iles aux serpents’, is about 15 ha. The islands are covered in steppe-grassland. Trees include baobabs Adansonia, jujubas Ziziphus, prickly-pear Opuntia and tamarinds Tamarindus.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The 30 or more pairs of Phaethon aethereus are the only breeding birds of this species known from a mainland African country. The islands harbour a varied avifauna including a breeding colony (400 nests) of Phalacrocorax carbo (introduced in the 1980s from the Parc National des Oiseaux du Djoudj, part of site SN001), and breeding Corvus albus, Milvus migrans, Galerida cristata and Euplectes orix. Sterna anaethetus breeds on the islands and there are records of Sula leucogaster, Morus bassanus, Larus cachinnans, L. cirrocephalus and L. fuscus. Alaemon alaudipes, restricted to the Sahara–Sindian (A02) biome, has been recorded from the site.

Non-bird biodiversity: The sea-turtle Caretta caretta (EN) has nested on a small beach and the dolphins Steno bredanensis (DD) and Stenella coeruleoalba (LR/cd) have been recorded within the park. The tortoise Geochelone sulcata (VU) has been introduced to the islands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus breeding  30 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Magdalen Islands (Iles de la Madeleine) National Park 45 protected area contains site 45  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References IUCN (1987a), WCMC (1989).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Parc National des Iles de la Madeleine. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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