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Location Senegal, St Louis
Central coordinates 13o 55.00' West  14o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 633,700 ha
Altitude 100 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The site lies due south of Ferlo North (site SN007) and almost due east of Dakar, separated from the eastern Senegal border with Mali by low hills, the northern outliers of the Bassari hills in the south-east of the country. It is almost contiguous with Ferlo North, separated only by the main road running west–east from Linguère to Matam (on the border with Mali). The altitude, relief, climate and vegetation are very similar to those described above for Ferlo North. However, because it lies further south, Ferlo South receives slightly higher rainfall. The soils tend to be ferruginous and there is more woodland and secondary grassland (especially towards the south of the site) than in Ferlo North.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Ornis Consult comprehensively surveyed this site, together with Ferlo North (site SN007) for birds for the first time in January to March 1996. A total of 184 bird species are now recorded from the two reserves combined. The site is important for Palearctic migrants, especially raptors on passage or wintering. Circus macrourus is “fairly common wintering in the north down to 15°N” and Falco naumanni is reported as “scarce to frequent” in the area, though not specifically within the reserve. Within the Ferlo South site, the majority of the species restricted to the Sahel biome (A03), and recorded from Senegal, are found (although two of these, Caprimulgus eximius and Anthoscopus parvulus, are recorded in the joint list for both Ferlo North and South Avifaunal Reserves, so it is not clear that they have been observed strictly within the Ferlo South site) (see Table 2). Seven species of Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) have been recorded from the site (see Table 2). Pelecanus onocrotalus was reported in 1989 in ‘the southern Ferlo’ in numbers which exceeded the IBA threshold for this species (1,450, Baillon pers. comm.). However, there is no permanent watercourse or standing water in the area and it is not clear whether this record was a single unusual occurrence (for example, following rainfall creating a temporary wetland).

Non-bird biodiversity: No specific details are available, but it is likely that the Sahelian species occurring in Ferlo North (site SN007) will also occur in the northern part of Ferlo South, although all these species have been heavily hunted and any remaining populations are likely to be small and threatened.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1998  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sahelian Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ferlo-Sud Wildlife Reserve 633,700 is identical to site 633,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

References Morel and Morel (1990), Nøhr and Jørgensen (1997), Ornis Consult (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ferlo South. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

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