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Location Senegal, St Louis
Central coordinates 16o 30.00' West  15o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 2,000 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Langue de Barbarie National Park lies south-west of the Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve (part of site SN005), about 25 km from St Louis. It consists of a 20-km length of intertidal flats and sand-dunes on a spit formed across the mouth of the Senegal river. It includes both marine and riverine (brackish) waters. The terrestrial part of the park is formed by three main islands, the Ile de Gandiole (2 ha) being the largest. The vegetation on the infertile sandy soils is Sahelian in composition and includes the species Ipomoea pes-caprae, Alternanthera maritima, Sporobolus spicatus and Sesuvium portulacastrum. There are no trees.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sterna nilotica breeding  1984  200 breeding pairs  A4i  Not Recognised 
Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus winter  1997  1,838 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus breeding  1998  3,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei winter  1988  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei breeding  1991  2,850 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia winter  1997  424 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia breeding  1991  150 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus breeding  1991  2,650 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1998  35 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Langue de Barbarie National Park 2,000 is identical to site 2,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   52%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Shrubland   5%
Grassland   35%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The marine fauna includes the turtles Chelonia mydas (EN), Dermochelys coriacea (EN), Eretmochelys imbricata (CR) and Caretta caretta (EN).

References Delaporte and Dubois (1990), Hughes and Hughes (1992), Keijl et al. (1999).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parc National de la Langue de Barbarie. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife