|Location||Senegal, St Louis|
|Central coordinates||15o 46.00' West 16o 29.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A3, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 20m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site consists of a length of about 21 km of the Senegal river and its immediate riparian habitat. It lies upstream of Djoudj wetlands (site SN001) and north of both Ndiaël basin (SN002) and Lac de Guiers (SN003). The habitat consists of highly modified and cultivated areas of land, with extensive rice-fields and market gardens and associated irrigation and drainage canals and ditches, adjacent to areas of fairly dense human habitation. The site is very closely linked to Lac de Guiers, which receives water from the river through sluices and a canal located at Richard-Toll. Between this site and Lac de Guiers lie extensive sugar-cane plantations. The site lies in the Sahel zone and the original habitat would have been thorn-bush savanna, dominated by Acacia spp. and Balanites aegyptiaca, shrubs of Boscia senegalensis and Salvadora persica, and larger trees adjacent to the river itself, including Combretum aculeatum, Grewia bicolor, Bombax costatum and Borassus aethiopicum. There were once extensive forests of Acacia nilotica along the banks of the Senegal river that were regularly inundated by floods and formed important refuges for Palearctic migrants. These forests have largely disappeared as a result of drought and exploitation for fuelwood.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Ruff Calidris pugnax||winter||1994||26,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sahelian Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Kordofan Lark Mirafra cordofanica||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|River Prinia Prinia fluviatilis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1994||20,000-49,999 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||56%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Collection of fuelwood.|
Other biodiversity The mammal Trichechus senegalensis (VU) probably still occurs in the river, although sightings are infrequent (a stranded individual was rescued from the river at Matam in 1997, several hundred kilometres upstream of Richard-Toll).
References Hughes and Hughes (1992), Morel and Morel (1990), Triplet and Yesou (1998).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: River Sénégal (Ntiagar to Richard-Toll). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014
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