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Location Sierra Leone, Southern Province
Central coordinates 11o 40.00' West  8o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 8,573 ha
Altitude 200 - 600m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Conservation Society of Sierra Leone



Site description The Forest Reserve at Kangari is situated on a range of hills in the south-central region of the country. The highest peak, Kangari, lies outside the reserve boundary. The hills are drained by a network of rivers, and the valleys through which they flow support swamps that are suitable, once adapted, for agriculture, which is the main occupation of the inhabitants in surrounding villages. At higher altitudes, at 300–600 m, the vegetation is largely closed moist forest, while secondary forest, interrupted by bush fallow, occurs at lower altitudes. Road access into this reserve is only possible through two towns, Bo and Kono, both more than 60 km distant, to the south and east respectively.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. To date, 115 species have been recorded from this, as yet, poorly surveyed site. These include six species of global conservation concern. Picathartes gymnocephalus breeds; six active colonies comprising eight nests have been discovered. Thousands of Bubulcus ibis occur regularly.

Non-bird biodiversity: The following primates species occur: Pan troglodytes verus (EN), Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Colobus polykomus (LR/nt), Cercocebus atys (LR/nt) and Cercopithecus diana (VU). Other mammals known from this site include Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN), Hyemoschus aquaticus (LR/nt), Cephalophus niger (LR/nt) and C. maxwelli (LR/nt).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Picathartes Picathartes gymnocephalus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus cerviniventris resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2005 medium near favourable low
  Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kangari Hills No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve 8,573 is identical to site 8,573  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  10%
Savanna Bushland & thicket - deciduous  20%
Forest Lowland forest - mixed moist evgn & semi-evgn; Mid-altitude forest - transitional  65%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
other -
Notes: Collection of medicinal herbs and spices.

References Allan (1990), Phillipson (1978), Thompson (1997a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife