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Location Sierra Leone, Northern Province
Central coordinates 11o 10.00' West  9o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 33,201 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,945m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Conservation Society of Sierra Leone



Site description This reserve occurs in the mountainous north-east of the country. The tallest peak is Bintumani (1,945 m), the highest in West Africa, west of Mount Cameroon. This range of mountains is the source of most of the rivers that flow across the country, including the Sewa river to the south-west and the Rokel river to the north-west. The vegetation comprises Guinea–Congo lowland forest with elements of montane evergreen forest up to 1,680 m and grassland on the plateau. At lower altitudes, gallery forest and wooded savanna also occur, while forest-savanna mosaic is found in places around the northern fringes. There are a few villages and some areas of farmland within the southern and western parts of the reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Fishing-owl Scotopelia ussheri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Merops muelleri resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-cheeked Wattle-eye Platysteira blissetti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Picathartes Picathartes gymnocephalus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Prinia Prinia leontica resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Copper-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis cupreocauda resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Ground-thrush Zoothera princei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scrub-robin Erythropygia leucosticta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Loma Mountains No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve 33,201 is identical to site 33,201  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - montane  15%
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional; Montane forest - undifferentiated  70%
Savanna Wooded grassland  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Other biodiversity This reserve is home to substantial populations of the following primates: Pan troglodytes verus (EN), Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Colobus polykomus (LR/nt), Cercocebus atys (LR/nt) and Cercopithecus diana (VU). Other mammals include Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN), Hexaprotodon liberensis (VU), Hyemoschus aquaticus (LR/nt), Cephalophus jentinki (VU), C. niger (LR/nt) and C. maxwelli (LR/nt).

References Allan (1990), Atkinson et al. (1992), Phillipson (1978), Thompson (1997a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife