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Location Sierra Leone, Northern Province
Central coordinates 12o 13.00' West  9o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 110,900 ha
Altitude 200 - 480m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Conservation Society of Sierra Leone

Site description Outamba-Kilimi National Park is situated in the north of Sierra Leone, close to the border with the Republic of Guinea. It is located within the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome, but isolated patches of forest occur within the park. The park is split into two areas, Outamba (74,100 ha) and Kilimi (36,800 ha), between which lies an unprotected strip of land 25 km long by 40 km wide. The predominant vegetation is a mosaic of grassland, closed woodland and gallery forest. Outamba supports mainly tall-grass savanna and moist woodland with small areas of closed-canopy forest, while a more open savanna woodland with shorter grasses occurs in Kilimi, together with patches of boliland. Small areas of raphia palm swamp-forest and riverine grassland are found in both. The terrain is mostly flat with few hills. A number of large rivers flow south-west through the park; the Mongo and Little Scarcies across Outamba and the Great Scarcies through Kilimi. The land is generally unsuitable for agriculture. Parts of the park may be inaccessible at the height of the wet season (July–August) due to flooding of the Little Scarcies river.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000    Least Concern 
Red-thighed Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  2000    Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000    Least Concern 
Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa resident  2000    Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  2000    Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000    Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx lecontei resident  2000    Least Concern 
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000    Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000    Least Concern 
Turati's Boubou Laniarius turatii resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  2000    Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  2000    Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  2000    Least Concern 
Pied-winged Swallow Hirundo leucosoma resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000    Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000    Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  2000    Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000    Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000    Least Concern 
Emerald Starling Coccycolius iris resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000    Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Outamba-Kilimi National Park 80,813 protected area contained by site 80,813  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   14%
Unknown   28%
Forest   56%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Honey gathering.

Other biodiversity The site is an important refuge for the following primate species: Pan troglodytes verus (EN), Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Colobus polykomus (LR/nt) and Cercocebus atys (LR/nt). Other mammals include Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN), Hexaprotodon liberensis (VU), Hyemoschus aquaticus (LR/nt) and Cephalophus maxwelli (LR/nt).

References Harding and Harding (1982), Phillipson (1978).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Outamba-Kilimi National Park. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014

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