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Location St Helena (to UK), Tristan da Cunha
Central coordinates 12o 29.00' West  37o 25.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 390 ha
Altitude 0 - 337m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site comprises the whole of Nightingale Island as well as Middle and Stoltenhoff Islands and the offshore islets and stacks, as described in the ‘General introduction’.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-faced Storm-petrel Pelagodroma marina breeding  1974  10,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
White-bellied Storm-petrel Fregetta grallaria breeding  1974  100-1,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Northern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes moseleyi breeding  1974  125,000 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii  Endangered 
Sooty Albatross Phoebetria fusca breeding  1974  125-250 breeding pairs  A1, A4ii  Endangered 
Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos breeding  1974  5,000 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii  Endangered 
Broad-billed Prion Pachyptila vittata breeding  1974  10,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Soft-plumaged Petrel Pterodroma mollis breeding  1974  100-1,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis breeding  1990  3,000,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii  Least Concern 
Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata breeding  1974  100-400 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Catharacta antarctica breeding  1974  100-510 breeding pairs  A4ii  Not Recognised 
Tristan Thrush Nesocichla eremita resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Wilkins's Bunting Nesospiza wilkinsi resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Nightingale Bunting Nesospiza questi resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  5,000,000-9,999,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity The only breeding native mammal is Arctocephalus tropicalis. At least 31 species of native terrestrial invertebrates are known, including five endemic listroderine weevils and seven endemic drosophilid Scaptomyza.

References Broekhuysen (1948), Cooper et al. (1995), Fraser et al. (1994), Hydrographer of the Navy (1977), Richardson (1984), Rowan (1951, 1952), Ryan et al. (1990), Wace and Holdgate (1976).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nightingale Island group. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife