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Location South Sudan, East Equatoria
Central coordinates 31o 30.00' East  3o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 41,000 ha
Altitude 650 - 700m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Nimule National Park is located in the extreme south of the country on the border with Uganda. The White Nile forms the eastern border of the park for c.48 km. Beyond it, on the eastern bank, there is a buffer zone, bounded by the Assua river to the north and by the Juba–Nimule road to the east. The Kayu river flows through the park from the Uganda border to the White Nile. The topography is hilly and most of the park is covered with savanna woodland of Acacia spp., Balanites aegyptiaca and Combretum aculeatum. Riverine woodland, found along permanent and seasonal watercourses, is composed principally of Acacia sieberiana and Borassus aethiopium. The site is contiguous with two IBAs in Uganda; Mount Kei Forest Reserve (UG022) and Mount Otzi Forest Reserve (UG023).

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species.

Non-bird biodiversity: Populations of Loxodonta africana (EN) have been severely reduced by poaching. Other species of global conservation concern include Kobus kob (LR/cd), Tragelaphus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd), T. spekii (LR/nt), Ourebia ourebi (LR/cd) and Redunca redunca (LR/cd).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-breasted Barbet Pogonornis rolleti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Francolin Pternistis icterorhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Babbler Turdoides tenebrosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nimule National Park 41,000 is identical to site 41,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   82%
Forest   16%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nimule. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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