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Location South Sudan, Central Equatoria
Central coordinates 31o 26.00' East  4o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This reserve, comprising Juba Nature Reserve and Jebel Kujur Forest Reserve, lies immediately south-west of the town of Juba in southern Sudan. The terrain is hilly, dominated by the rocky outcrops and sheer cliffs of Jebel Kujur. The vegetation is wooded grassland in which common tree species include Balanites aegyptiaca, Combretum molle and Acacia hockii, while common grasses comprise Themeda triandra, Chrysopogon aucheri, Sporobolus, Andropogon and Hyparrhenia spp.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. In addition, there are records of Gallinago media and Glareola nordmanni on passage, and one species characteristic of the Sahel biome (A03) and eight of the Somali–Masai biome (A08) have also been recorded (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: Few, if any, large mammals remain.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-breasted Barbet Pogonornis rolleti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Francolin Pternistis icterorhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon Weaver Ploceus badius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Juba Game Reserve 20,000 is identical to site 20,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   7%
Shrubland   89%
Forest   3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
other -
Notes: Tree-felling for charcoal production.

References Moilinga (1990), UNDP/FAO (1977).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Juba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife