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Location Sudan, Blue Nile,Kassala
Central coordinates 35o 13.00' East  12o 26.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 1,240,000 ha
Altitude 700 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The complex of reserves centred on Dinder National Park is situated east of the town of Ed Damanzin against the Ethiopian frontier. The site includes the National Park, the buffer zone to the west and south, and the contiguous Rahad Game Reserve to the north. The park principally consists of a low-lying flood-plain sloping gently from the Ethiopian highlands with a few rocky hills in the southern corner. The Rahad and Dinder rivers flow north-westwards through the park. Tributary streams form seasonally flooded lowlands, known as mayas, in much of the area adjacent to the Ethiopian border. Along permanent and ephemeral streams the vegetation consists of Hyphaene thebaica, Acacia sieberiana, Tamarindus indica and Ficus species, with an understorey of Ziziphus abyssinica and Mimosa pigra, and a herbaceous layer of coarse grasses including Sorghum and Brachiaria spp. Thorn-bush savanna (Acacia seyalBalanites aegyptica) with tall grasses dominates in the north, while Combretum aculeatum woodland is found in the moister south. Nymphaea and Ipomoea spp. are common in swampy areas and shallow lakes, while the open grass plains are composed of Themeda triandra, Panicum, Hyparrhenia and Cynodon spp. The mayas, which form the main source of water and green fodder during the dry season of November–June, are dominated by grasses such as Echinochloa spp. The park has a mean annual rainfall of 600–1,000 mm, falling between May and November.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cretschmar's Babbler Turdoides leucocephala resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon Weaver Ploceus badius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dinder National Park 1,000,000 protected area contained by site 1,000,000  
Dinder National Park UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 890 protected area contained by site 650,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   56%
Shrubland   42%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
other -
Notes: Wood-cutting for charcoal production; collection of firewood.

Other biodiversity The following mammals of global conservation concern occur, or used to do so: Loxodonta africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Hyaena hyaena (LR/nt), Crocuta crocuta (LR/cd), Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd), Syncerus caffer (LR/cd), Redunca arundinum (LR/cd), Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd), Kobus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd), Tragelaphus strepsiceros (LR/cd), Damaliscus lunatus (LR/cd), Ourebia ourebi (LR/cd) and Gazella rufifrons (VU). The park provides only dry-season habitat for most of these species.

References Ernst and Elwasila (1985), IUCN/UNEP (1987), Whitney and Asim (1982).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dinder. Downloaded from on 27/08/2014

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