|Location||Sudan, Blue Nile,Kassala|
|Central coordinates||35o 13.00' East 12o 26.00' North|
|Altitude||700 - 800m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The complex of reserves centred on Dinder National Park is situated east of the town of Ed Damanzin against the Ethiopian frontier. The site includes the National Park, the buffer zone to the west and south, and the contiguous Rahad Game Reserve to the north. The park principally consists of a low-lying flood-plain sloping gently from the Ethiopian highlands with a few rocky hills in the southern corner. The Rahad and Dinder rivers flow north-westwards through the park. Tributary streams form seasonally flooded lowlands, known as mayas, in much of the area adjacent to the Ethiopian border. Along permanent and ephemeral streams the vegetation consists of Hyphaene thebaica, Acacia sieberiana, Tamarindus indica and Ficus species, with an understorey of Ziziphus abyssinica and Mimosa pigra, and a herbaceous layer of coarse grasses including Sorghum and Brachiaria spp. Thorn-bush savanna (Acacia seyal–Balanites aegyptica) with tall grasses dominates in the north, while Combretum aculeatum woodland is found in the moister south. Nymphaea and Ipomoea spp. are common in swampy areas and shallow lakes, while the open grass plains are composed of Themeda triandra, Panicum, Hyparrhenia and Cynodon spp. The mayas, which form the main source of water and green fodder during the dry season of November–June, are dominated by grasses such as Echinochloa spp. The park has a mean annual rainfall of 600–1,000 mm, falling between May and November.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||1999||-||-||Near Threatened|
|Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Cretschmar's Babbler Turdoides leucocephala||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bush Petronia Petronia dentata||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Cinnamon Weaver Ploceus badius||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dinder||National Park||1,000,000||protected area contained by site||1,000,000|
|Dinder National Park||UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve||890||protected area contained by site||650,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||56%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Wood-cutting for charcoal production; collection of firewood.|
Other biodiversity The following mammals of global conservation concern occur, or used to do so: Loxodonta africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Hyaena hyaena (LR/nt), Crocuta crocuta (LR/cd), Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd), Syncerus caffer (LR/cd), Redunca arundinum (LR/cd), Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd), Kobus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd), Tragelaphus strepsiceros (LR/cd), Damaliscus lunatus (LR/cd), Ourebia ourebi (LR/cd) and Gazella rufifrons (VU). The park provides only dry-season habitat for most of these species.
References Ernst and Elwasila (1985), IUCN/UNEP (1987), Whitney and Asim (1982).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dinder. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/03/2014
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