email a friend
printable version
Location Sudan, Northern Darfur,Southern Darfur
Central coordinates 24o 21.00' East  13o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 3,071m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description Jebel Marra is an extinct volcano which rises out of the plains of Darfur between the town of El Fasher and the international frontier with Chad. The lower slopes have some tree cover while in the centre of the crater lie two lakes surrounded by rolling hills covered with grass and bushes. The site is surrounded by rocky desert and sparse scrub dissected by a series of wadis.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. In addition to Falco naumanni, which occurs in significant numbers, Circus macrourus and Aythya nyroca have also been recorded on passage. Five species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) have also been recorded (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: The site is known to support an endemic flora. The tree Olea chrysophylla occurs, one of only two sites in Sudan from which it is known.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  present  A1  Least Concern 
Nubian Bustard Neotis nuba resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dunn's Lark Eremalauda dunni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Wickens (1976).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jebel Marra. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife