|Location||Sudan, Red Sea|
|Central coordinates||37o 17.00' East 20o 50.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 2 for key species. In addition, the islands are used as a breeding site by Sterna bengalensis, S. repressa, S. anaethetus and Larus hemprichii. Some 800 pairs of Sterna bengalensis breed on Mukawwar Island and 450 pairs on each of the two Taila islets.
Site description Mukawwar, Mayetib and the Taila islets form a small archipelago lying offshore of the fishing town of Mohammed Qol, on the Red Sea coast north, of Port Sudan. A little to the north lies Dunganab bay, a body of shallow water partially enclosed by a long, narrow spit. There is a small area of mangrove within the bay which is backed by sparsely vegetated coastal dunes. The IBA includes a narrow coastal strip and the mangroves of the bay as well as the archipelago and the shallow coastal waters in between.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus||breeding||-||100 breeding pairs||-||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis||breeding||-||1,700 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Collection of eggs of seabirds for food by local fishermen.|
Other biodiversity The islands are important for breeding turtles. Equus africanus (CR) and Dugong dugon (VU) have been recorded from the area.
Management considerations The area has been proposed as a protected area. There is some collection of eggs for food by local fishermen.
References Moore and Balzarotti (1983).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mukawwar island and Dunganab bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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