|Central coordinates||53o 32.00' East 6o 14.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 4m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site lies at the southern end of the Amirantes chain, c.300 km south-west of Mahé. It is a more-or-less circular island with a high rim surrounding a central depression. Most of the land is exposed sandstone, guano having been removed during the last century. The island is a base for the commercial exploitation of seabirds, especially the eggs of Sterna fuscata. There is no permanent human population, but buildings have been constructed and are used during the nesting season (June–August). Visits are made at other times by residents of nearby Marie-Louise island and by fishermen. The island is almost treeless, being covered in grasses and other low-growing plants. Landing can be extremely difficult, with heavy swells sweeping round the island even during the calmest sea conditions.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus||breeding||-||360,000-500,000 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||breeding||-||1,000,000-2,499,999 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Base for commercial exploitation of eggs of tern Sterna fuscata.|
Other biodiversity The turtles Chelonia mydas (EN) and Eretmochelys imbricata (CR) nest and may be taken by poachers.
References Feare (1976a, 1976b, 1978a, 1984a, 1984b), Feare and Gill (1996), Feare et al. (1997), Rémie and Nolin (1999), Ridley and Percy (1958).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Desnoeufs island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014
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