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Location Rwanda, Butare,Gitarama
Central coordinates 29o 55.00' East  2o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 30,000 ha
Altitude 1,350 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association pour la Conservation de la Nature au Rwanda (Affiliate)



Site description Akanyaru wetlands are located in the south of Rwanda, north-east of Butare, on the international border with Burundi, and lie close to Rwihinda Lake Nature Reserve in Burundi (BI001). The vegetation consists of a variety of marshy habitats and papyrus swamp. Early successional stages are occupied by floating vegetation dominated by Pistia stratiotes, Leersia hexandra and Oryza barthii. Intermediate stages are a mixture of Typha australis, Miscanthidium violaceum, Cladium jamaicense and some papyrus. More complex habitats are occupied by Typha australis, Miscanthidium violaceum, Cyperus denudatus, C. latifolius and Echinochloa pyramidalis. There are expanses of papyrus, either as pure stands or combined with shrubby vegetation. Average annual rainfall is estimated to be c.800 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. At least 54 species of wetland habitats have been recorded from Akanyaru and include migrant Ardeola idae, Circus macrourus and Gallinago media. Falco naumanni has been reported. In addition, one species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome (A05) and three of the Afrotropical Highlands biome (A07) have been recorded (see Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: The mammal Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) is known to occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible
unset
Unknown

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   82%
Shrubland   10%
Forest   6%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Kanyamibwa (1986, 1993), Vande weghe (1981).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akanyaru wetlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife