|Central coordinates||29o 55.00' East 2o 30.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Akanyaru wetlands are located in the south of Rwanda, north-east of Butare, on the international border with Burundi, and lie close to Rwihinda Lake Nature Reserve in Burundi (BI001). The vegetation consists of a variety of marshy habitats and papyrus swamp. Early successional stages are occupied by floating vegetation dominated by Pistia stratiotes, Leersia hexandra and Oryza barthii. Intermediate stages are a mixture of Typha australis, Miscanthidium violaceum, Cladium jamaicense and some papyrus. More complex habitats are occupied by Typha australis, Miscanthidium violaceum, Cyperus denudatus, C. latifolius and Echinochloa pyramidalis. There are expanses of papyrus, either as pure stands or combined with shrubby vegetation. Average annual rainfall is estimated to be c.800 mm.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. At least 54 species of wetland habitats have been recorded from Akanyaru and include migrant Ardeola idae, Circus macrourus and Gallinago media. Falco naumanni has been reported. In addition, one species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome (A05) and three of the Afrotropical Highlands biome (A07) have been recorded (see Table 3).
Non-bird biodiversity: The mammal Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) is known to occur.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||82%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Kanyamibwa (1986, 1993), Vande weghe (1981).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akanyaru wetlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/05/2015
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