|Central coordinates||30o 38.00' East 1o 45.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||1,300 - 1,825m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Akagera National Park is located in the north-east of Rwanda, on the Tanzanian and Ugandan borders. It now covers an area of 100,000 ha, following a recent reduction of its original size of 250,000 ha. The excised areas are mainly from the eastern and northern parts of the park’s original limits. The park was contiguous to the north-west with the Mutara Hunting Reserve (34,000 ha), degazetted in 1997. The topography of the park is characterized by rolling sandstone hills in the west, cut in places by deep, narrow valleys. In the east, flood-plains and swamps are predominant. The extensive lakes and swamps of Akagera river valley cover an area of c.100,000 ha. The highest point in the park is Mount Mutumba (1,825 m). The vegetation of the park is extremely varied and, indeed, has been described as the most heterogeneous savanna ecosystem in the region. Open savannas are dominated by three typical grasses, Themeda triandra, Hyparrhenia filipendula and Cymbopogon afronardus. Though Acacia spp. and Combretum spp. predominate, more than 250 tree species occur in the park. The relatively steep hills of central and southern parts support a denser tree- and bush-cover. Towards the lake borders to the east, the savanna becomes more heavily wooded, with gallery forest occurring along lake edges. Gallery forest species include Albizia spp., Acacia polyacantha and some Ficus spp. Flood-plain and marsh vegetation occur in the river valley, with marshes dominated by Cyperus papyrus, Cladium and Miscanthidium.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-faced Barbet Lybius rubrifacies||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Ring-necked Francolin Scleroptila streptophora||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae||winter||-||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Shoebill Balaeniceps rex||resident||-||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||winter||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Akagera||National Park||90,000||protected area contained by site||90,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||48%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity More than 50 species of mammal are known from the park, including Lycaon pictus (EN), now thought to be locally extinct. Diceros bicornis (CR) and Loxodonta africana (EN) were introduced to the park in 1958 and 1975 respectively.
References Dzwonko and Kornas (1994), Kanyamibwa (1998), Vande weghe (1981, 1990).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akagera National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014
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