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Location Rwanda, Ruhengeri
Central coordinates 29o 53.88' East  1o 30.48' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 2,050 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association pour la Conservation de la Nature au Rwanda (Affiliate)

Site description Rugezi marsh is located in an inundated valley in the north of Rwanda, to the east of Lake Burera on Uganda border. The vegetation of the marsh is dominated by Miscanthidium violaceum with stands of Cyperus latifolius around the fringes and an area of papyrus C. papyrus near the point of outflow. Average annual rainfall is estimated at 1,200 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Some 43 species have been recorded from the marsh and its immediate vicinity, including five of the Afrotropical Highlands biome (see Table 3). This site is important for Bradypterus graueri and is unusual in that this species occurs together with B. carpalis.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Swamp-warbler Bradypterus graueri resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed low

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   95%
Shrubland   2%
Forest   2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Vande weghe (1981, 1983).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rugezi Marsh. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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