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Location Nigeria, Kaduna
Central coordinates 6o 30.00' East  10o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 112,700 ha
Altitude 305 - 610m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description Kamuku National Park is located north-west of Kaduna near Birnin Gwari in central-western Nigeria. The terrain is largely flat, rising gradually eastwards to the Birnin Gwari Ridge, which forms part of the eastern boundary. The vegetation is Guinea Savanna with, in places, some transitional Sudan Savanna elements. Dominant tree species of the park include Isoberlinia doka, Terminalia avicennioides and Detarium macrocarpum. Also common are Danellia oliveri, Nauclea latifolia, Acacia spp., Lophira lanceolata, Parkia biglobosa, Prosopis africana and Isoberlinia tomentosa. Elaeis guineensis is common in riparian forests that line small, seasonal rivers. Together with the Forest Reserves in this area the park represents one of the best remaining blocks of Sudan–Guinea Savanna vegetation in the country’s protected-area system.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. To date, 192 species have been recorded from the park. The park is also important for such species as Sagittarius serpentarius, Neotis denhami and Bucorvus abyssinicus, all now uncommon elsewhere in the country.

Non-bird biodiversity: Small but viable populations of Loxodonta africana (EN), Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd), Redunca redunca (LR/cd) and Alcelaphus buselaphus (LR/cd) occur, as do small numbers of Panthera leo (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kamuku National Park 121,130 protected area contains site 112,700  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   96%
Forest   2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Ajayi et al. (1981), Green (1987), Mohammed (1981).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kamuku National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

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