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Location Nigeria, Kwara
Central coordinates 4o 40.00' East  10o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 534,100 ha
Altitude 150 - 350m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description Kainji Lake National Park (KNLP) (headquarters Wawa) is situated 560 km north of Lagos, close to the border with the Republic of Benin. It comprises two sectors (Borgu and Zugurma) which are separated by Kainji Lake, a lake impounded on the Niger river for hydroelectric power generation. Only the Borgu (western) sector is currently used for tourism; the Zugurma (eastern) sector lacks infrastructure, including access roads. The topography of the park is gently undulating with a general decrease in elevation from west to east. The Borgu sector is drained mainly by the Oli, Timo and Doro rivers and their tributaries, while the Zugurma sector is drained by the Maingyara and Nuwa Tizururu rivers. The vegetation of the park is typical of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna, although in some areas it appears more Sahelian. Riparian forests occur on the banks of the larger watercourses.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kainji Lake National Park 538,000 protected area contains site 534,100  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   1%
Shrubland   14%
Forest   84%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Numerous antelope species occur including Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd), Alcelaphus buselaphus (LR/cd), Kobus kob (LR/cd), Redunca redunca (LR/cd) and Cephalophus rufilatus (LR/cd). Other mammals reported are Loxodonta africana (EN), Lycaon pictus (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU) and, in Lake Kainji, Trichechus senegalensis (VU).

References Ayeni (1983), FAO (1974), Geerling (1976), Green (1986), Tuna Wildlife Consultants Company (1983).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kainji Lake National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife