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Location Nigeria, Bauchi
Central coordinates 10o 30.00' East  9o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 224,400 ha
Altitude 150 - 750m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description Yankari is located in the east-central part of the country, some 72 km north of the Bauchi–Gombe road at Dindima. The park is bisected by the Gaji river. Two major habitat-types occur; dry savanna woodlands and riparian vegetation, which includes areas of fadama. Common woodland trees include Afzelia africana, Burkea africana, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Isoberlinia doka, Monotes kerstingii, Combretum glutinosum, Detarium microcarpum and Anogeissus leiocarpus. Gardenia aqualla and Dichrostachys glomerata are frequent in the shrub layer while Hyparrhenia involucrata and H. bagirmica are the dominant grasses. In riparian forest Khaya senegalensis, Vitex doniana, Acacia sieberiana, Tamarindus indica, Borassus aethiopum and Daniella oliveri are common. Characteristic of Yankari are large monodominant stands of Pteleopsis habeensis which grow in some drier areas along riverbanks, the only place in the country where such stands occur. In the seasonally flooded fadamas, Ficus spp. and Mitragyna sp. are the dominant trees, while tangles of Mimosa pigra dominate the shrub stratum.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3. Some 337 species have so far been recorded. Up to six Ciconia nigra have been recorded wintering and it is the only site where Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis is regularly seen.

Non-bird biodiversity: Large mammals include Loxodonta africana (EN) (330 in April 1999), Alcelaphus buselaphus (LR/cd), Syncerus caffer (LR/cd), Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd) and Panthera leo (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Adamawa Turtle-dove Streptopelia hypopyrrha resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pied-winged Swallow Hirundo leucosoma resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed low
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Yankari Game Reserve 225,400 protected area contains site 224,400  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   35%
Shrubland   60%
Forest   3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Crick and Marshall (1981), Dyer and Gartshore (1975), Geerling (1973), Green (1989), Ike et al. (1985).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Yankari National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife