email a friend
printable version
Location Nigeria, Rivers
Central coordinates 6o 45.00' East  4o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 70,000 ha
Altitude 35 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description The Upper Orashi forests are located in the northern part of the Niger Delta. The site includes the Upper Orashi Forest Reserve, the roost of Psittacus erithacus at Ikodi and its environs. These are largely areas of lowland rainforest, most of which is secondary. Parts of these forests may be seasonally flooded and support a mixture of Raphia palm and broadleaved trees. In disturbed sites in higher areas the vegetation is usually dominated by oil-palm Elaeis guineensis and Musanga cecropioides. The large roost of Psittacus erithacus is located in such an area, near Ikodi village in Ahoada Local Government Area.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. Over 1,000 Psittacus erithacus roost in tall oil-palm bush near Ikodi. In addition, the site is a possible locality for the restricted-range Estrilda poliopareia. To date, 91 species have been recorded. Nationally uncommon species that occur include Pteronetta hartlaubi, Dryotriorchis spectabilis, Spizaetus africanus, Turtur brehmeri, Centropus leucogaster, Ceratogymna atrata, Pogoniulus atroflavus, Indicator conirostris, Dendropicos gabonensis, Apalis nigriceps, Anthreptes rectirostris and Nigrita fusconota.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals include Cercopithecus sclateri (EN), C. erythrogaster (VU), Hexaprotodon liberiensis (VU) and Cephalophus sylvicultor (LR/nt). Hylochoerus meinertzhageni has also been recorded from the area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1999  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Upper Orashi River Forest Reserve 9,696 protected area contained by site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   2%
Unknown   5%
Forest   91%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

References Powell (1993).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper Orashi forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife