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Location Nigeria, Plateau
Central coordinates 9o 3.00' East  8o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 22,400 ha
Altitude 175 - 315m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description The park is located beside the Lafia–Shandam road to the north of the Benue river. Two rivers, the Dep and the Li, drain the park, and join before emptying into the Benue. The land slopes gradually southwards and forms a basin, Pandam Lake—a wetland complex of approximately 2 km². The vegetation of the park is typical Sudan–Guinea Savanna with gallery forests in riparian areas. The savanna includes Burkea africana–Combretum woodlands in the south, Detarium microcarpum–Combretum woodlands in the central area and Isoberlinia doka woodlands to the north. Other trees include Parkia biglobosa, Butyrospermum paradoxum, Gardenia aqualla and Daniellia oliveri. On the scattered inselbergs, which dot the northern part of the park, Piliostigma thonningii is the dominant tree. Tree species of the gallery forests include Afzelia africana, Ceiba pentandra and Raphia sudanica. The wet season lasts from April to October and annual rainfall is 1,000–1,500 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. At least 217 species have been recorded, including a few observations of Falco naumanni. The gallery forests are one of the northernmost locations in the country where Guinea–Congo Forests biome (A05) species occur; Ceratogymna elata at least used to be present in small numbers. Fifteen species of this biome have been recorded (see Table 3) including the nationally rare Scotopelia bouvieri. Scotopelia peli also occurs and has been recorded breeding. Large flocks (1,000+) of Dendrocygna viduata spend the dry season on Pandam Lake, at which Vanellus crassirostris is known to breed.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of global conservation concern which occur, or at least used to do so, include Trichechus senegalensis (VU), Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pandam Game Reserve 22,400 is identical to site 22,400  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   3%
Shrubland   40%
Forest   56%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -

References Milego (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pandam Wildlife Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife