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Location Nigeria, Cross River
Central coordinates 9o 0.00' East  6o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 150 - 1,281m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description Afi River Forest Reserve is a large forest in the south-east of the country situated immediately west of the Cross River National Park—Okwangwo division (NG010). The terrain is mountainous and much dissected by rivers and streams; the scenery is spectacular. The highest point is Afi Mountain, in the centre-north of the reserve. The vegetation is Guinea–Congo lowland rainforest and characteristic tree species include Berlinia confusa, Coula edulis, Hannoa klaineana, Klainedoxa gabonensis, Khaya ivorensis and Lophira alata. The reserve is important for production forestry, tourism development and wildlife conservation. There is also cultivation in parts of the reserve, including bananas, cocoa, kola and coco-yam (the main staple of the area); cassava and yam are also grown but, because of low fertility, after about three years the land is abandoned to fallow for up to 15 years. Average annual rainfall varies between 2,000–2,500 mm, with the dry season lasting from November to February.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Swift Apus batesi resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  1999  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-necked Picathartes Picathartes oreas resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kemp's Longbill Macrosphenus kempi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary 10,464 protected area contained by site 10,464  
Afi River Forest Reserve 31,222 protected area contained by site 31,222  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Unknown   1%
Forest   97%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -
Notes: Harvesting natural products.

Other biodiversity Among mammals, the primates Mandrillus leucophaeus (EN), Cercopithecus erythrotis (VU) and Gorilla gorilla (EN) all occur, the latter in the hills in the north of the reserve, and signs of Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN) have been seen in the south.

References Anon. (1996), Stuart and Adams (1990), WWF (1990b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Afi River Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife