|Central coordinates||14o 15.00' East 11o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The Chad Basin National Park (CBNP) is composed of several areas or ‘sectors’ which are geographically remote from one another. The Chingurmi-Duguma Sector is located in the Woloji and Gulumba Districts, south-east of Maiduguri. It lies close to Waza National Park in Cameroon (IBA CM003). The vegetation is typical Sudan–Guinea Savanna, except in the most northerly part of the park where it takes on a more Sahelian aspect, partly due to the influence of human activities. Common tree and shrub species include Acacia spp., Calotropis procera, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Balanites aegyptiaca and Sterculia setigera. A large part of the park is flooded by waters from the Dorma river during the rainy season, creating flood-plain wetlands (e.g. the Kutila fadama) which attracts waterbirds and other wildlife. The common tree of this habitat is Mitragyna sp. Artificial stock watering points have also been created in various places but these do not retain water through the dry season.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. To date, 66 species have been recorded, including Circus macrourus and 10 species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04, see Table 3). The park has, however, been only poorly surveyed and many more species may be expected to occur, including those of the Sahel biome, since the neighbouring Waza National Park in Cameroon (CM003) holds nine of the 10 species of the biome recorded from that country. The two cranes Grus virgo and Balearica pavonina occur, the former as a winter visitor, the latter is resident. Numida meleagris is very common. Large numbers of Ciconia ciconia winter.
Non-bird biodiversity: Gazella rufifrons (VU) and Loxodonta africana (EN) are among the park’s notable mammals. The park also offers Nigeria’s only hope for the re-establishment of the nationally extinct Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd) population, since Giraffe (and other mammals) occasionally cross into the park from the Waza National Park in Cameroon.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina||resident||1999||abundant||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|2009||very high||not assessed||high|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||tourism and recreation areas||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Chad Basin||National Park||230,000||protected area contains site||35,400|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Fuelwood collection; collection of eggs of guineafowl Numida melagris.|
References Holmes (1972–1974).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/02/2016
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