|Central coordinates||14o 15.00' East 11o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 3 for key species. To date, 66 species have been recorded, including Circus macrourus and 10 species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04, see Table 3). The park has, however, been only poorly surveyed and many more species may be expected to occur, including those of the Sahel biome, since the neighbouring Waza National Park in Cameroon (CM003) holds nine of the 10 species of the biome recorded from that country. The two cranes Grus virgo and Balearica pavonina occur, the former as a winter visitor, the latter is resident. Numida meleagris is very common. Large numbers of Ciconia ciconia winter.
Site description The Chad Basin National Park (CBNP) is composed of several areas or ‘sectors’ which are geographically remote from one another. The Chingurmi-Duguma Sector is located in the Woloji and Gulumba Districts, south-east of Maiduguri. It lies close to Waza National Park in Cameroon (IBA CM003). The vegetation is typical Sudan–Guinea Savanna, except in the most northerly part of the park where it takes on a more Sahelian aspect, partly due to the influence of human activities. Common tree and shrub species include Acacia spp., Calotropis procera, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Balanites aegyptiaca and Sterculia setigera. A large part of the park is flooded by waters from the Dorma river during the rainy season, creating flood-plain wetlands (e.g. the Kutila fadama) which attracts waterbirds and other wildlife. The common tree of this habitat is Mitragyna sp. Artificial stock watering points have also been created in various places but these do not retain water through the dry season.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fox Kestrel Falco alopex||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Savile's Bustard Eupodotis savilei||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina||resident||1999||abundant [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Piapiac Ptilostomus afer||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bush Petronia Petronia dentata||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Chad Basin||National Park||230,000||protected area contains site||35,400|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Fuelwood collection; collection of eggs of guineafowl Numida melagris.|
Other biodiversity Gazella rufifrons (VU) and Loxodonta africana (EN) are among the park’s notable mammals. The park also offers Nigeria’s only hope for the re-establishment of the nationally extinct Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd) population, since Giraffe (and other mammals) occasionally cross into the park from the Waza National Park in Cameroon.
Management considerations Although legally protected as part of a National Park, illegal grazing, fuelwood-collection and hunting take place. Bush fires are frequent. This is probably because local people profess to be unaware that the area was upgraded in 1991 from a Game Reserve to a National Park. Guineafowl egg-collectors invade the park during the species’ breeding season.
References Holmes (1972–1974).
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife