|Central coordinates||14o 15.00' East 11o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The Chad Basin National Park (CBNP) is composed of several areas or ‘sectors’ which are geographically remote from one another. The Chingurmi-Duguma Sector is located in the Woloji and Gulumba Districts, south-east of Maiduguri. It lies close to Waza National Park in Cameroon (IBA CM003). The vegetation is typical Sudan–Guinea Savanna, except in the most northerly part of the park where it takes on a more Sahelian aspect, partly due to the influence of human activities. Common tree and shrub species include Acacia spp., Calotropis procera, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Balanites aegyptiaca and Sterculia setigera. A large part of the park is flooded by waters from the Dorma river during the rainy season, creating flood-plain wetlands (e.g. the Kutila fadama) which attracts waterbirds and other wildlife. The common tree of this habitat is Mitragyna sp. Artificial stock watering points have also been created in various places but these do not retain water through the dry season.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina||resident||1999||abundant||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Chad Basin||National Park||230,000||protected area contains site||35,400|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Fuelwood collection; collection of eggs of guineafowl Numida melagris.|
Other biodiversity Gazella rufifrons (VU) and Loxodonta africana (EN) are among the park’s notable mammals. The park also offers Nigeria’s only hope for the re-establishment of the nationally extinct Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd) population, since Giraffe (and other mammals) occasionally cross into the park from the Waza National Park in Cameroon.
References Holmes (1972–1974).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014
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