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Location Nigeria, Borno
Central coordinates 14o 15.00' East  11o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 35,400 ha
Altitude 305 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description The Chad Basin National Park (CBNP) is composed of several areas or ‘sectors’ which are geographically remote from one another. The Chingurmi-Duguma Sector is located in the Woloji and Gulumba Districts, south-east of Maiduguri. It lies close to Waza National Park in Cameroon (IBA CM003). The vegetation is typical Sudan–Guinea Savanna, except in the most northerly part of the park where it takes on a more Sahelian aspect, partly due to the influence of human activities. Common tree and shrub species include Acacia spp., Calotropis procera, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Balanites aegyptiaca and Sterculia setigera. A large part of the park is flooded by waters from the Dorma river during the rainy season, creating flood-plain wetlands (e.g. the Kutila fadama) which attracts waterbirds and other wildlife. The common tree of this habitat is Mitragyna sp. Artificial stock watering points have also been created in various places but these do not retain water through the dry season.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. To date, 66 species have been recorded, including Circus macrourus and 10 species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04, see Table 3). The park has, however, been only poorly surveyed and many more species may be expected to occur, including those of the Sahel biome, since the neighbouring Waza National Park in Cameroon (CM003) holds nine of the 10 species of the biome recorded from that country. The two cranes Grus virgo and Balearica pavonina occur, the former as a winter visitor, the latter is resident. Numida meleagris is very common. Large numbers of Ciconia ciconia winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: Gazella rufifrons (VU) and Loxodonta africana (EN) are among the park’s notable mammals. The park also offers Nigeria’s only hope for the re-establishment of the nationally extinct Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd) population, since Giraffe (and other mammals) occasionally cross into the park from the Waza National Park in Cameroon.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina resident  1999  abundant  A1  Vulnerable 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 very high not assessed high
  unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chad Basin National Park 230,000 protected area contains site 35,400  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Fuelwood collection; collection of eggs of guineafowl Numida melagris.

References Holmes (1972–1974).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

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