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Location Nigeria, Adamawa,Taraba
Central coordinates 11o 41.00' East  7o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 667,000 ha
Altitude 300 - 2,400m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nigerian Conservation Foundation



Site description Gashaka-Gumti is the largest of Nigeria’s eight National Parks. It is located in the east of the country, against the Cameroon border, north-east of the Obudu Plateau (NG001). Part of it is situated on the mountainous Mambilla Plateau and is, therefore, part of a westward extension of the Cameroon mountains; the site is contiguous with Tchabel Mbabo in Cameroon (IBA CM009). There are also extensive lowland areas. The landscape is undulating and rugged, with some escarpments rising up to 2,400 m, which makes the park largely inaccessible except on foot. An extensive system of pristine streams and rivers drain the park and join to form the Taraba river which, in turn, discharges into the Benue. The park is a heterogenous mix of habitats comprising montane forests and grasslands, derived savanna with relict lowland forests, riparian forest and Sudan–Guinea Savanna woodlands. Plants commonly found in the park include Terminalia superba, Khaya grandifoliola, and Milicia excelsa in lowland forest areas, Syzygium guineense, Prunus africana and Ilex mitis in montane forests, Loudetia simplex and Andropogon spp. in montane grasslands and Daniellia oliveri, Lophira lanceolata, Afzelia africana, Isoberlinia doka and Burkea africana in the Sudan–Guinea Savanna woodlands. Annual rainfall is in the range 1,000–1,750 mm and the length of the dry season varies between five months in the drier, lower parts to two months in the wetter montane areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Olive-pigeon Columba sjostedti resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Boubou Laniarius atroflavus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Cisticola Cisticola discolor resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Longtail Urolais epichlorus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Apalis Oreolais pulchra resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Montane Greenbul Andropadus montanus resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Mountain Greenbul Andropadus tephrolaemus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus poensis resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bangwa Forest Warbler Bradypterus bangwaensis resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus herberti resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crossley's Ground-thrush Zoothera crossleyi resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Mountain Robin-chat Cossypha isabellae resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Sunbird Nectarinia oritis resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bannerman's Weaver Ploceus bannermani resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fernando Po Oliveback Nesocharis shelleyi resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gashaka-Gumti National Park 673,000 protected area contains site 667,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   3%
Savanna   22%
Forest   73%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Some 103 species of mammals (over one-third of Nigeria’s list, see Happold 1987) have been recorded. It is the only site in Nigeria at which Hylochoerus meinertzhageni is fairly common. A population of about 2,000 Pan troglodytes (EN) inhabits the area. Loxodonta africana (EN), Lycaon pictus (EN), Taurotragus derbianus (LR/nt), Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd) and Redunca fulvorufula (LR/cd) also occur. The latter is of the subspecies adamauae which is endemic to the Adamawa Plateau of Cameroon, of which this is a western extremity. About 55 species of fish including two possibly new species of the genera Bryconaethiops and Gobiocichcla have been reported. Some 300–500 species of butterflies (including five newly described species) are believed to occur.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Akinsoji (1997), Ananze et al. (1996), Anon. (1998), Ash (1990), Ash et al. (1989), Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1989), Dyer et al. (1987), Green (1990), Hall (1976, 1977), Happold (1987), Manu and Demey (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gashaka-Gumti National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife