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Location Niger, Agadez
Central coordinates 9o 30.00' East  19o 12.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 7,736,000 ha
Altitude 400 - 1,988m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The National Nature Reserve of the Aïr and the Teneré covers the eastern half of the Aïr massif and the western part of the Ténéré Desert. The Aïr massif reaches 2,022 m (1,988 m within the reserve). It was called the ‘Switzerland’ of Africa by the explorer Barth in 1850, and may be regarded as a Sahelian outpost in the Sahara. The Aïr–Ténéré forms a complex mosaic of arid and hyper-arid environments. Five principal habitats are recognized: mountains, plateaus, large wadis (dry watercourses), small-scale irrigated horticultural areas, and stony or sandy desert. Standing water may occur for longer or shorter periods in all five habitats.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor breeding  1999  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Nubian Bustard Neotis nuba resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sahelian Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackstart Cercomela melanura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Passer simplex resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aïr and Ténéré National Nature Reserve 6,456,000 protected area contained by site 6,456,000  
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves World Heritage Site 7,736,000 is identical to site 7,736,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   19%
Desert   80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Collection of firewood.

Other biodiversity Mammals of global conservation concern include Acinonyx jubatus 127>(VU), Gazella dorcas (VU), G. dama (EN) and Ammotragus lervia (VU). Oryx gazella dammah (EW) and Addax nasomaculatus (CR) used to occur, but are presumed to do so no longer. The reserve is one of the few places in the world where wild olive Olea laperrinei still occurs.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: NNR Aïr - Ténéré. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014

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