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Location Niger, Zinder
Central coordinates 9o 10.00' East  13o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 250 ha
Altitude 400 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Chiya or Chia wetland lies 2 km north-east of the village of Chia-ta Inga, 10 km due north of the town of Miria or Mirriah and 15 km east of Zinder, in southern Niger. It is a rain-fed, semi-permanent, shallow lake of up to 2 m in depth. Average annual rainfall in the Mirriah area for the period 1961–1990 was approximately 380 mm. However, there is enormous variation in rainfall between years which results in large annual differences in the size of the wetland; during surveys it ranged from zero to 250 ha. The water of the wetland is somewhat brackish and alkaline, with average levels of nitrogen and low levels of phosphorus in the quite sandy sediment. Chiya supports an abundant vegetation of water-lilies Nymphaea lotus and wild rice Oryza longistaminata. Echinochloa spp., Neptunia oleracea and Ipomoea aquatica are also common. There are patches of water lettuce Pistia stratiotes. The woody vegetation surrounding the wetland consists of Acacia seyal, A. nilotica, A. albida, Adansonia digitata, Celtis diversifolia, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Piliostigma reticulatum, Hyphaene thebaica, Borassus aethiopum and Phoenix dactylifera.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta winter  1995  11,600 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Alio and Halikou (1993), Giraudoux et al. (1988), Mullié et al. (1999).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chiya wetland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014

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