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Location Niger, Tillabéri
Central coordinates 1o 40.00' East  12o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 200,000 ha
Altitude 210 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Makalondi district is the name used here for an area with a radius of approximately 25 km, centred on the border village of Makalondi, 100 km south-east of Niamey on the road to Burkina Faso. The area, which lies in the transition between the Sahel and Sudan zones, is relatively flat, but there are a number of lateritic plateaus and flat-topped hills which rise 40–60 m above the surrounding land. The plateaus support a (degraded) tiger-bush vegetation, while wooded savanna with dry thorn-scrub as well as some large trees occurs in the lower-lying areas. There are a number of temporary watercourses which, during the dry season, are reduced to a number of isolated wetlands that hold water for periods ranging from a few months to almost the whole year. These include the wetlands of the Goroubi river to the north and west, Balla Foulbé wetland 25 km to the north-east along the road to Tamou, and Koulbou wetlands, 10 km south-east of Makalondi. The latter are heavily vegetated with water-lilies, rushes and wild rice, as well as clumps of Mytragyna trees. A number of small villages occur throughout the site, mostly near the drainage lines. Subsistence farming is widespread with sorghum and millet the main crops. There are also numerous herds of cattle, sheep and goats. Average annual rainfall for the period 1961–1990 was approximately 600 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Savile's Bustard Eupodotis savilei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Barbet Lybius dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   95%
Grassland   4%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Other biodiversity Until the 1970s, large mammals, including Loxodonta africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd) were common, particularly in the western part of the area. Most disappeared following extensive clearance of land for agriculture during the 1980s.

References Mullié and Brouwer (1994a, b), Souvairan (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Makalondi district. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014

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