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Location Niger, Tillabéri
Central coordinates 1o 40.00' East  12o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 200,000 ha
Altitude 210 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Makalondi district is the name used here for an area with a radius of approximately 25 km, centred on the border village of Makalondi, 100 km south-east of Niamey on the road to Burkina Faso. The area, which lies in the transition between the Sahel and Sudan zones, is relatively flat, but there are a number of lateritic plateaus and flat-topped hills which rise 40–60 m above the surrounding land. The plateaus support a (degraded) tiger-bush vegetation, while wooded savanna with dry thorn-scrub as well as some large trees occurs in the lower-lying areas. There are a number of temporary watercourses which, during the dry season, are reduced to a number of isolated wetlands that hold water for periods ranging from a few months to almost the whole year. These include the wetlands of the Goroubi river to the north and west, Balla Foulbé wetland 25 km to the north-east along the road to Tamou, and Koulbou wetlands, 10 km south-east of Makalondi. The latter are heavily vegetated with water-lilies, rushes and wild rice, as well as clumps of Mytragyna trees. A number of small villages occur throughout the site, mostly near the drainage lines. Subsistence farming is widespread with sorghum and millet the main crops. There are also numerous herds of cattle, sheep and goats. Average annual rainfall for the period 1961–1990 was approximately 600 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. In total, some 310 bird species were recorded in Makalondi district by Pierre Souvairan, who lived and worked in the area between 1968–1998. The avifauna includes a number of species not known from nearby ‘W’ National Park (site NE001). Of the Sahel biome species, this is the only site at which Anthoscopus punctifrons has been reported. The site is also important for Cercotrichas podobe (probably breeds) and Lamprotornis pulcher (definitely breeds) and, with Dallol Boboye (site NE007), for Eupodotis savilei. The latter is resident, at a density of approximately 1 pair/km2 in good quality shrubland and tiger bush. For the other Sahel biome species that show seasonal movements, Makalondi district is mainly a wintering area. The only observations in Niger of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome species Turdoides reinwardtii and Lamprotornis chalcurus, together with two of the three known records of Galerida modesta, are from this IBA. Except for Falco alopex, Lagonosticta larvata and Ptilostomus afer (single records only), the other Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome species are present all year and are presumed to breed. In addition, there is one observation of a male Aythya nyroca in March 1987 and several records of Circus macrourus during the dry season.

Non-bird biodiversity: Until the 1970s, large mammals, including Loxodonta africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd) were common, particularly in the western part of the area. Most disappeared following extensive clearance of land for agriculture during the 1980s.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   95%
Grassland   4%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Mullié and Brouwer (1994a, b), Souvairan (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Makalondi district. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014

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