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Location Mozambique, Sofala
Central coordinates 34o 5.00' East  18o 25.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 385,000 ha
Altitude 400 - 1,863m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Gorongosa mountain is a massive inselberg rising out of the coastal plain. Habitat consists of Brachystegia woodland on the lower slopes, dense evergreen forests at altitudes between 1,200 and 1,500 m, and montane grassland at the summit, with forest patches in the ravines. Many of the lower slopes have been cleared for agriculture, but the higher reaches constitute a sacred site for local inhabitants and, as such, enjoy some measure of protection. The adjoining national park consists of a large plain with deciduous woodland and extensive marshes and lakes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Zululand Batis Batis fratrum resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Batis Batis soror resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Oriole Oriolus chlorocephalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea breeding  1999  unknown  A3  Vulnerable 
Chirinda Apalis Apalis chirindensis resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-chested Alethe Alethe fuelleborni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swynnerton's Robin Swynnertonia swynnertoni resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Seedcracker Pyrenestes minor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gorongosa National Park 375,000 protected area contained by site 375,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   1%
Shrubland   15%
Grassland   13%
Forest   69%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.
not utilised -

Other biodiversity The plains supported high numbers of larger mammals in the past, including Loxodonta africana (EN). These have been extirpated by hunting but reintroductions are planned.

References Clancey (1996), Pinto (1959).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gorongosa Mountain and National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife