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Location Mozambique, Inhambane
Central coordinates 35o 30.00' East  23o 0.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The site consists of the bay of Pomene, the coastline to the south and the adjoining hinterland. The bay consists of intertidal flats surrounded by a large mangrove forest. A slight depression behind the sand-dunes is bordered by a plateau. The dunes are forested, the depression contains marshland and scrubland, and the plateau has forests which are taller and more species-rich than the dune-forests. Much of the plateau forest has been destroyed for subsistence farming. In fact, this type of forest has been cleared along most of the coastal plain between Maputo and the Save river, and the forests of this area represent the largest surviving tract.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. The site is important for coastal forest birds which have declined in the region, and the bay is a wintering ground for large numbers of migratory shorebirds. Regular counts of waterbirds may prove that congregations of some species (e.g. Sterna bengalensis) exceed 1% threshold levels. Morus capensis occurs regularly offshore as a non-breeding winter visitor. Two species of the Zambezian biome have been recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: Not known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Gannet Morus capensis winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zululand Batis Batis fratrum resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Batis Batis soror resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rudd's Apalis Apalis ruddi resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Nectarinia veroxii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-breasted Seedeater Serinus citrinipectus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pomene Game Reserve 10,000 protected area contained by site 10,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   18%
Forest   81%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References Clancey (1996), Parker (1999).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pomene. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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