|Central coordinates||35o 6.00' East 16o 1.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||900 - 1,100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Most of the natural vegetation in Thyolo District disappeared with the establishment of extensive tea estates around the beginning of the twentieth century. It must have consisted largely of moist Brachystegia or transition woodland (miombo interspersed with evergreen species), with rainforest in stream depressions and on the summit of Thyolo Mountain. Forest existed in a continuum down to the lower levels (c.1,000 m) around the mountain. This is no longer the situation, but a dozen patches of lowland rainforest have been preserved privately amid the tea fields to the north-east and within 2–10 km of Thyolo Mountain. They lie in stream depressions, at c.1,050 m, with a tall canopy of mainly Albizia gummifera and Khaya anthotheca (syn. K. nyasica). The three most important patches visited in the 1980s were on the estates of Mwalantunzi (93 ha), Namingomba (80 ha) and Mikundi (40 ha).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Green-headed Oriole Oriolus chlorocephalus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|White-winged Apalis Apalis chariessa||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
References Dowsett-Lemaire (1989a, 1990).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Thyolo tea estates. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014
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