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Location Malawi, Central
Central coordinates 33o 30.00' East  14o 25.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 98,934 ha
Altitude 1,300 - 1,650m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi (WESM) (Affiliate)



Site description Dzalanyama Forest Reserve, 60 km south-west of Lilongwe, is almost entirely covered with Brachystegia–Julbernardia woodland. It forms part of the Dzalanyama Range, a series of rocky hills running north-west–south-east along the border with Mozambique, which marks the watershed between Lake Malawi and the Zambezi river system. The eastern side of the reserve is relatively flat, at about 1,300 m. The hills to the west rise above 1,500 m with several peaks over 1,600 m. A few small patches (c.75 ha) of mid-altitude forest occur on the highest ridge near Kasito Rock. Dambos occur along many of the drainage lines, breaking the continuity of the woodland cover. A PinusEucalyptus plantation has been established in the reserve and covers about 5% of the land area. On the Mozambique side, the woodland extends uninterrupted over a much larger area with little sign of human settlement evident.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Tockus pallidirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Whyte's Barbet Stactolaema whytii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stierling's Woodpecker Dendropicos stierlingi resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boulder Chat Pinarornis plumosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Anchieta's Sunbird Anthreptes anchietae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Sunbird Nectarinia shelleyi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-headed Weaver Ploceus olivaceiceps resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dzalanyama Forest Reserve 98,934 is identical to site 98,934  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   3%
Shrubland   3%
Forest   92%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection; local wood-cutting.

Other biodiversity Butterflies: an isolated population of Cymothoe coranus occurs (the most westerly known).

References Dowsett-Lemaire (1989a, b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dzalanyama Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014

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