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Location Malawi, Central
Central coordinates 33o 56.70' East  13o 25.80' South
IBA criteria A2, A3
Area 9,712 ha
Altitude 700 - 1,640m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi (WESM) (Affiliate)



Site description Ntchisi Mountain is one of several peaks in the Dowa Hills rising above 1,600 m, but it is the only one still bearing forest in this densely cultivated and eroded region. A short way south of Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve (MW009), it is 75 km north-north-east of the capital Lilongwe. The forest is in one block and contains c.220 ha of Aningeria montane rainforest at 1,450–1,640 m, with a smaller area (30 ha) of tall Newtonia mid-altitude rainforest extending down the south-eastern slopes; strangling figs Ficus spp. are abundant. Most of the rest of the reserve contains some fine miombo woodland on the north-eastern gradient, down to an altitude of c.700 m.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Over 180 species have been recorded; in addition Hirundo atrocaerulea has been recorded once, on passage. The miombo woodland is more difficult of access than the forest and further exploration should produce more Zambezian biome species (cf. nearby site MW008, which has 22). Ntchisi is at the southern limit of distribution of Phyllastrephus alfredi.

Non-bird biodiversity: Vegetation: a Garcinia tree, found commonly throughout the forest, is closely related to G. semseii (a rare tree from eastern Tanzania); flowering material needs collecting. It also occurs on Chipata Mountain (part of site MW009). Mammals: Ntchisi is the only Malawi locality for the bat Rhinolophus swinnyi. Butterflies: two species reach their southern limit here: Charaxes ameliae and Hypolycaena hatita.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-streaked Greenbul Phyllastrephus flavostriatus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-headed Weaver Ploceus olivaceiceps resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed low
unset
Unknown

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ntchisi Forest Reserve 9,712 is identical to site 9,712  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   54%
Shrubland   40%
Forest   4%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -

References Dowsett-Lemaire (1989a, b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ntchisi Mountain Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife