email a friend
printable version
Location Mauritania, Tagant
Central coordinates 12o 22.00' West  18o 16.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 100 ha
Altitude 300 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description Gabou is located in the far west of the Tagant on the border with the Brakna. It is approximately 110 km south-west of Tidjikja. It is a large wetland depression on the northern end of the oued that connects it to Tâmourt en Na’âj further south (site MR015). Its size varies from year to year depending on the volume of rainfall received by the watershed. The vegetation typical of the area includes Acacia raddiana, A. ehrenbergiana, Capparis decidua,Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Maerua crassifolia, Hyoscyamus muticus, Tamarix sp., Salvadora persica, Balanites aegyptiaca, Panicum turgidum and Cenchrus biflorus.

Key Biodiversity In the years it receives adequate rainfall, Gabou is an important wetland habitat for Afrotropical and Palearctic waterbirds. Other species observed in large numbers include Anas querquedula (14,000), Anas acuta (6,000), Dendrocygna viduata (8,000), D. bicolor (600), Plegadis falcinellus (800) and Plectropterus gambensis (1,200).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruff Calidris pugnax winter  21,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

References Lamarche (1988).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gabou. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife