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Location Mali, Kayes
Central coordinates 8o 54.00' West  13o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 709,800 ha
Altitude 160 - 577m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Boucle du Baoulé Biosphere Reserve is located in the south of the country, some 160 km north-west of the capital Bamako. The Biosphere Reserve incorporates the Boucle du Baoulé National Park and the contiguous faunal reserves of Badinko to the south-west, Fina to the south-east and Kongossambougou to the north-east. All except the last, which lies its northern side, are enclosed within the large loop of the Baoulé river which gives the reserve system its name. The area is almost entirely sandstone, cut by erosion into a series of plateaux, dissected by valleys and flood-plains. In the south there are steep escarpments flanking large valleys. The rivers within the reserve are semi-permanent. The vegetation is semi-arid Sahelian bushland in the north and Sudan–Guinea Savanna woodland in the south (Combretum, Acacia, Butyrospermum and Isoberlinia spp.). Dense riverine forest occurs along the Baoulé river and its major tributaries, as well as bordering marshes and larger lakes. The herbaceous layer is characterized by perennial grasses, notably Andropogon gayanus. There are human settlements within the site and human use is increasing, particularly in the north. Most of the region (>90%) is burnt each year from mid-October. Mean annual rainfall varies between 650 mm in the north and 1,000 mm in the south.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. In addition, two species characteristic of the Sahel biome (A03) are known from the site (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: Of the larger mammals which once occurred in the reserve, Loxodonta africana (EN), Giraffa camelopardalis (LR/cd) and Tragelaphus derbianus (LR/nt) are known to have been eliminated. Some of the following may still occur, although any that do are likely to be at low densities: Panthera leo (VU) and Acinonyx jubatus (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 high not assessed low
  unset
-

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Not assessed  Not assessed  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baoulé National Park 187,762 protected area contained by site 187,762  
Parc national de la Boucle du Baoulé UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2,500,000 protected area contains site 709,800  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   85%
Shrubland   14%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

References De Bie and Morgan (1989), IUCN (1987).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Boucle du Baoulé. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

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