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Location Mali, Mopti
Central coordinates 3o 25.00' West  14o 23.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 400,000 ha
Altitude 282 - 777m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Falaise de Bandiagara is part of the Dogon plateau in the south-central part of Mali, to the east of the Inner Delta, some 90 km east of Mopti. The site is centred on the town of Sanga and bounded by the roads and tracks linking the towns and villages of Diankabou, Bankas, Ouo, Bandiagara, Dé, Berdossou and Diankabou. The area comprises three distinct geographical features; the Bandiagara plateau to the west, the Bandiagara escarpment running north-east–south-west through the middle of the site and the Séno plain to the east. The altitude of the plateau varies between 400 and 500 m, with a peak of 777 m at Bamba. The plateau is sandstone and is punctuated with holes, faults and caves that link up with springlines along the base of the cliffs. The escarpment extends for over 150 km, and varies in height from 100 m in the south to over 500 m in the north. It is broken by ravines, gorges and rocky passages connecting the plain with the plateau. Near Sanga there are sheer cliff-faces as well as rock outcrops. The Séno plain, at around 250 m in altitude, consists of sandy steppes and damp or flooded depressions with scattered trees, dissected by large rocky riverbeds which seasonally hold water. The plateau has a typical Sudan savanna flora, including communities of Daniella oliveri, Butyrospermum parkii, Parkia biglobosa, Terminalia macroptera, Khaya senegalensis and bushy species such as Combretum micranthum, Heeria insignis and Guiera senegalensis. Dense vegetation is present in steep-sided ravines as a result of water retained in rock fissures. On the low-lying plain there is a preponderance of Sahelian species such as Acacia albida, Combretum aculeatum and the introduced Tamarindus indica, with Borassus aethiopum and the grass Andropogon gayanus in humid depressions. Adansonia digitata and Vittelaria paradoxa are also frequent. A series of dams on ephemeral watercourses, which hold water for much, if not all, of the year have allowed an aquatic and semi-aquatic vegetation to develop, predominantly Nymphaea maculata, Naias graminea, Cyperus sp. and floating carpets of Pistia stratiotes, Neptunia oleracea and Ipomoea reptans. Average annual rainfall is 529 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1997  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sahelian Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae breeding  1997  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) World Heritage Site 327,390 is identical to site 400,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   21%
Rocky areas   1%
Grassland   77%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

Other biodiversity Mammal species that occur in the area, or used to do so, include Vulpes pallida (DD), Lycaon pictus (EN), Gazella dorcas (VU) and Gazella dama (EN). Acridocarpus monodii (R), a localized endemic plant, is found at Kikara.

References Balança and Visscher (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Falaise de Bandiagara. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014

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