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Location Madagascar, Fianarantsoa
Central coordinates 46o 54.00' East  22o 14.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 31,160 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,650m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Asity Madagascar (Affiliate)



Site description Andringitra National Park is located 35 km south of Ambalavao. This mountainous, high-altitude massif comprises a series of rocky domes and a chain of outcrops with narrow crests which form numerous pinnacles, divided by deep, narrow valleys and gorges. The climate is hot and humid in the eastern low-altitude part, and temperate and humid in the higher western part. A highly developed hydrographic system drains the massif: the main rivers are the Zomandao, Menarahaka, Iatara and Rienana. Park vegetation includes low-altitude, dense, humid evergreen forest (with Sloanea as an emergent), mid-altitude, dense, humid evergreen forest (characterized by trees of Podocarpus, Weinmannia, screw-pines Pandanus, tree-ferns Cyathea, as well as Compositae in the higher part, and Vaccinium in the lower parts), and dense sclerophyllous montane forest characterized by trees of Podocarpus, Araliaceae, Compositae, Erythroxylaceae and Verbenaceae. On the bare, open rock of the summits, the vegetation includes species of Philippia, Aloe, Pachypodium, Liliaceae and Kalanchoe, with a high level of local endemicity. There are some areas of savanna around the two highest summits, Pic Boby and Pic Bory, which are rich in terrestrial orchids, including Cynorkis, Habenaria and Disa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Meller's Duck Anas melleri resident  1993  present  A2, A3  Endangered 
Madagascar Grebe Tachybaptus pelzelnii resident  1993  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata resident  1993  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Madagascar Marsh-harrier Circus macrosceles resident  1993  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Madagascar Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis resident  1993  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii resident  1993  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Brown Mesite Mesitornis unicolor resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Madagascar Flufftail Sarothrura insularis resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Wood-rail Mentocrex kioloides resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Blue-pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Coua Coua reynaudii resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Coua Coua caerulea resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-legged Ground-roller Brachypteracias leptosomus resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Scaly Ground-roller Geobiastes squamiger resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Pitta-like Ground-roller Atelornis pittoides resident  1993  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-headed Ground-roller Atelornis crossleyi resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sunbird Asity Neodrepanis coruscans resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Pollen's Vanga Xenopirostris polleni resident  1993  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Nuthatch Vanga Hypositta corallirostris resident  1993  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dark Newtonia Newtonia amphichroa resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ward's Flycatcher Pseudobias wardi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crossley's Babbler Mystacornis crossleyi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Emu-tail Amphilais seebohmi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Emu-tail Dromaeocercus brunneus resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Oxylabes Oxylabes madagascariensis resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Tetraka Bernieria zosterops resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crowned Tetraka Bernieria cinereiceps resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cryptic Warbler Cryptosylvicola randrianasoloi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Yellowbrow Crossleyia xanthophrys resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rand's Warbler Randia pseudozosterops resident  1993  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Green Jery Neomixis viridis resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wedge-tailed Jery Neomixis flavoviridis resident  1993  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Forest Rock-thrush Monticola sharpei resident  1993  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Nelicourvi Weaver Ploceus nelicourvi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Fody Foudia omissa resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Andringitra National Park 30,988 protected area contains site 31,160  
Rainforests of the Atsinanana World Heritage Site 479,661 protected area contains site 31,160  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   39%
Forest   60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Lemurs: Eulemur fulvus albocollaris (EN), E. rubriventer (VU), Hapalemur aureus (CR), H. simus (CR), Lemur catta (VU), Varecia variegata variegata (VU), Propithecus diadema edwardsi (EN), Daubentonia madagascariensis (EN). Carnivores: Cryptoprocta ferox (VU), Fossa fossana (VU).

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Andriamampianina and Peyrieras (1972), Goodman (1997), Jenkins (1987), Langrand and Goodman (1995), (1996), Nicoll and Langrand (1989).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Andringitra National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife