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Location Ireland, West
Central coordinates 8o 52.00' West  53o 5.00' North
IBA criteria C7
Area 389 ha
Altitude 0 - 30m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdWatch Ireland

Site description A site comprising a range of habitats including turloughs, Lough Coole, grassland and mixed deciduous woodland, situated north-west of Gort in County Galway. It is a popular public amenity area.

Key Biodiversity The site was designated a Special Protection Area on the basis of its migratory waterfowl, particularly Cygnus cygnus which is an Annex I species under the EC Birds Directive.

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Coole - Garryland Biogenetic Reserves 364 protected area contained by site 363  
Coole - Garryland Nature Reserve 364 protected area contained by site 363  
Coole Lough Wildfowl Sanctuary 363 unknown 0  
Coole Lough and Garryland Wood Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 364 protected area contained by site 364  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  60%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
tourism/recreation 85%

Protection status National High International High363 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Coole-Garryland, 363 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildfowl Sanctuary (Coole Lough, 363 ha). 364 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Coole Lough and Garryland Complex, 364 ha). 389 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Coole Park and Garryland Complex, 389 ha). 363 ha of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve (Coole Park and Garryland Complex, 363 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Coole Park and Garryland complex. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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