|Central coordinates||47o 0.00' East 24o 42.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||100 - 1,358m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Thirty-seven species are known from this site, of which 22 are endemic to Madagascar. The population of Mesitornis unicolor seems to be quite dense in some lowland areas. The taxon Hypositta perdita was described on the basis of a specimen from this area, and it is possible that it can still be found there, if the taxon is valid. Coua gigas, a species characteristic of the West Malagasy biome, is also found at this site.
Site description This site is located 9 km north of Tolagnaro, and includes Manantantely Forest (to the south of the Classified Forest) and the forest located between Bemangidy and Enanafia (to the north). The site is part of the Tsitongambarika massif, which is composed of a series of ridges that are aligned from north-east to south-west. The Manampanihy river flows northwards along the western boundary of the site. The vegetation is composed of low- and mid-altitude, dense, humid evergreen forest and sclerophyllous montane forest. At low altitudes, it is dominated by trees of Sorindeia, Ilex, Tambourissa, Oncostemum, Syzygium and Dracaena, with a canopy 15–25 m high. At mid-altitudes, trees of Macaranga and Oncostemon, as well as species of Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Guttiferae and Monimiaceae, are dominant, with a canopy 12–20 m high.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Brown Mesite Mesitornis unicolor||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Madagascar Wood Rail Canirallus kioloides||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Madagascar Blue-pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Giant Coua Coua gigas||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||Least Concern|
|Red-fronted Coua Coua reynaudii||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Scaly Ground-roller Brachypteracias squamiger||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Nuthatch Vanga Hypositta corallirostris||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-throated Oxylabes Oxylabes madagascariensis||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Spectacled Tetraka Bernieria zosterops||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Nelicourvi Weaver Ploceus nelicourvi||resident||1990||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Tsitongambarika||Classified Forest||0||protected area contained by site||0|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Lemur: Eulemur fulvus collaris (VU).
Management considerations A portion of the north-eastern area, called Farafara Forest (31.4 ha), is dedicated to sustainable selective exploitation. The main threat is slash-and-burn cultivation, which affects at least 25% of the site, especially along the forest margins. Other threats include hunting, and soil erosion caused by cultivation on steep slopes.
Related state of the world's birds case studies
References Goodman et al. (1997), Hagen (1991), Milon (1948), Projet CAF/APN (1998), Projet COEFOR/CI SRF-DEF (1993), Rand (1951).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tsitongambarika Classified Forest and surrounding areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
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