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Location Madagascar, Toliara
Central coordinates 47o 0.00' East  24o 42.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 76,200 ha
Altitude 100 - 1,358m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Asity Madagascar (Affiliate)

Site description This site is located 9 km north of Tolagnaro, and includes Manantantely Forest (to the south of the Classified Forest) and the forest located between Bemangidy and Enanafia (to the north). The site is part of the Tsitongambarika massif, which is composed of a series of ridges that are aligned from north-east to south-west. The Manampanihy river flows northwards along the western boundary of the site. The vegetation is composed of low- and mid-altitude, dense, humid evergreen forest and sclerophyllous montane forest. At low altitudes, it is dominated by trees of Sorindeia, Ilex, Tambourissa, Oncostemum, Syzygium and Dracaena, with a canopy 15–25 m high. At mid-altitudes, trees of Macaranga and Oncostemon, as well as species of Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Guttiferae and Monimiaceae, are dominant, with a canopy 12–20 m high.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Thirty-seven species are known from this site, of which 22 are endemic to Madagascar. The population of Mesitornis unicolor seems to be quite dense in some lowland areas. The taxon Hypositta perdita was described on the basis of a specimen from this area, and it is possible that it can still be found there, if the taxon is valid. Coua gigas, a species characteristic of the West Malagasy biome, is also found at this site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Lemur: Eulemur fulvus collaris (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brown Mesite Mesitornis unicolor resident  1990  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Madagascar Wood-rail Mentocrex kioloides resident  1990  present  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Blue-pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis resident  1990  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Coua Coua reynaudii resident  1990  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Ground-roller Geobiastes squamiger resident  1990  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Nuthatch Vanga Hypositta corallirostris resident  1990  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Oxylabes Oxylabes madagascariensis resident  1990  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Tetraka Bernieria zosterops resident  1990  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nelicourvi Weaver Ploceus nelicourvi resident  1990  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed high

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Geological events avalanches/landslides happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rainforests of the Atsinanana World Heritage Site 479,661 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Tsitongambarika Classified Forest 0 protected area contained by site 50,800  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   79%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

References Goodman et al. (1997), Hagen (1991), Milon (1948), Projet CAF/APN (1998), Projet COEFOR/CI SRF-DEF (1993), Rand (1951).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tsitongambarika NPA. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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