|Central coordinates||44o 45.00' East 18o 39.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||150 - 838m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Bemaraha Tsingy National Park and Strict Nature Reserve are located 60–80 km inland of the west coast of Madagascar. They are delimited to the south by the Manambolo river, to the east by a cliff, to the west by savanna, and to the north by the Soahany river. The western part of the site comprises a raised, heavily eroded karst plateau (Bemaraha Tsingy), with elongate sink-holes and deep canyons. Several permanent rivers and some seasonal streams flow out of the karst into the Soahany and Manambolo rivers. The vegetation is dense, dry deciduous forest, although, where the soil is humid, the forest has been degraded and, in the sink-holes and canyons, the forest is more evergreen, with trees higher than 12 m on average and a thick layer of leaf-litter. The non-forested part of the site, away from the karst, is savanna, with gallery forest lining the more permanent watercourses.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Ninety-six species are known from the site, of which 39 are endemic to Madagascar. Populations of Canirallus and Monticola at the site probably represent distinct species, restricted to the reserve.
Non-bird biodiversity: Lemurs: Mirza coquereli (VU), Phaner furcifer pallescens (VU), Hapalemur griseus occidentalis (VU), Avahi occidentalis (VU), Propithecus verreauxi deckeni (VU). Carnivore: Cryptoprocta ferox (VU).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Madagascar Grebe Tachybaptus pelzelnii||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae||breeding||1998||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Madagascar Fish-eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Madagascar Marsh-harrier Circus macrosceles||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Madagascar Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Coua ruficeps||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Not Recognised|
|Giant Coua Coua gigas||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Coquerel's Coua Coua coquereli||resident||1998||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Sickle-billed Vanga Falculea palliata||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|2001||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Tsingy de Bemaraha||National Park||73,174||protected area contained by site||73,174|
|Tsingy de Bemaraha||Strict Nature Reserve||83,411||protected area contained by site||83,411|
|Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve||World Heritage Site||152,000||is identical to site||152,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Collection of forest plants.|
References Andriamampianina and Peyrieras (1972), Bousquet and Rabetaliana (1992), Jenkins (1987), Leandri (1938), Nicoll and Langrand (1989), Rakotoarison et al. (1993), Ramanitra (1995a, 1997), Ramanitra et al. (1993), Rand (1936), Thalmann and Rakotoarison (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park and Strict Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/05/2016
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