|Central coordinates||44o 45.00' East 18o 39.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||150 - 838m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Ninety-six species are known from the site, of which 39 are endemic to Madagascar. Populations of Canirallus and Monticola at the site probably represent distinct species, restricted to the reserve.
Site description Bemaraha Tsingy National Park and Strict Nature Reserve are located 60–80 km inland of the west coast of Madagascar. They are delimited to the south by the Manambolo river, to the east by a cliff, to the west by savanna, and to the north by the Soahany river. The western part of the site comprises a raised, heavily eroded karst plateau (Bemaraha Tsingy), with elongate sink-holes and deep canyons. Several permanent rivers and some seasonal streams flow out of the karst into the Soahany and Manambolo rivers. The vegetation is dense, dry deciduous forest, although, where the soil is humid, the forest has been degraded and, in the sink-holes and canyons, the forest is more evergreen, with trees higher than 12 m on average and a thick layer of leaf-litter. The non-forested part of the site, away from the karst, is savanna, with gallery forest lining the more permanent watercourses.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Madagascar Grebe Tachybaptus pelzelnii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae||breeding||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Madagascar Fish-eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Madagascar Harrier Circus macrosceles||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Madagascar Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Madagascar Wood Rail Canirallus kioloides||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||Least Concern|
|Giant Coua Coua gigas||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Coquerel's Coua Coua coquereli||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Red-capped Coua Coua ruficeps||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Sickle-billed Vanga Falculea palliata||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Tsingy de Bemaraha||National Park||73,174||protected area contained by site||73,174|
|Tsingy de Bemaraha||Strict Nature Reserve||83,411||protected area contained by site||83,411|
|Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve||World Heritage Site||152,000||is identical to site||152,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Collection of forest plants.|
Other biodiversity Lemurs: Mirza coquereli (VU), Phaner furcifer pallescens (VU), Hapalemur griseus occidentalis (VU), Avahi occidentalis (VU), Propithecus verreauxi deckeni (VU). Carnivore: Cryptoprocta ferox (VU).
Management considerations There are areas of slash-and-burn cultivation in the Tsiandro sector and, in the south, the contact zone between the forest and the savanna has been converted to pasture. Exploitation for wood has had a very evident impact on the forest, especially along the oil-industry road and within the reserve. Other threats include hunting of lemurs, collection of forest plants for food and medicine, widespread cattle-grazing, and collection of fauna for trade.
References Andriamampianina and Peyrieras (1972), Bousquet and Rabetaliana (1992), Jenkins (1987), Leandri (1938), Nicoll and Langrand (1989), Rakotoarison et al. (1993), Ramanitra (1995a, 1997), Ramanitra et al. (1993), Rand (1936), Thalmann and Rakotoarison (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park (Bemaraha Tsingy National Park and Strict Nature Reserve IBA). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/06/2013
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